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      Cyclic GMP Modulators on Vascular Adrenergic Neurotransmission

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          Abstract

          The presence of the endothelium reduced the sensitivity of isolated rabbit carotid artery to endogenous norepinephrine released by electrical stimulation of adrenergic nerves or displaced by tyramine and to exogenously applied norepinephrine, phenylephrine and UK 14304. The maximal contractions induced by the selective α<sub>2</sub>-agonist UK 14304 were much more profoundly depressed in arteries with endothelium than those induced by the nonselective α-adrenoceptor agonist norepinephrine or by the selective α<sub>1</sub>-agonist. LY 83583, a cyclic-guanosine-monophosphate (GMP)-lowering agent, abolished the endothelium-dependent depression of tone induced by the agonists and converted the sensitivity of arteries with endothelium to that of endothelium-denuded preparations. M & B 22948, a selective cyclic GMP phospho-diesterase inhibitor, significantly inhibited contractions caused by electrical stimulation of adrenergic nerves, tyramine, norepinephrine and UK 14304 in rings with, but not in those without, endothelium. Yohimbine, an α<sub>2</sub>-adrenoceptor antagonist, increased contractions caused by UK 14304 in rings with endothelium only, but had no significant effect on the contractions caused by exogenously applied norepinephrine or phenylephrine. In the presence of prazosin, an α<sub>1</sub>-blocker, UK 14304 caused minimal relaxation (about 20%) in rings with endothelium only which were inhibited by yohimbine, suggesting a minor role of direct endothelial cell α<sub>2</sub>-mediated release of relaxing factors. The overflow of endogenous norepinephrine caused by electrical stimulation was not affected by treatment with LY 83583 or M & B 22948, suggesting that altering cyclic GMP levels has no major role in prejunctional modulation of norepinephrine release. These findings support the notion that intrinsic levels of cyclic GMP may act as a regulator of adrenergic neurotransmission due primarily to endothelium-derived relaxing factor which is released basally, and to a lesser extent by an activation of endothelial cell α<sub>2</sub>-adrenoceptors.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          JVR
          J Vasc Res
          10.1159/issn.1018-1172
          Journal of Vascular Research
          S. Karger AG
          1018-1172
          1423-0135
          1992
          1992
          23 September 2008
          : 29
          : 5
          : 396-404
          Affiliations
          Vascular Biology Unit, Robert Dawson Evans Memorial Department of Clinical Research, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, Mass., USA
          Article
          158956 J Vasc Res 1992;29:396–404
          10.1159/000158956
          1358232
          © 1992 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 9
          Categories
          Research Paper

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