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      Six views of embodied cognition

      Psychonomic Bulletin & Review

      Springer Science and Business Media LLC

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          Abstract

          The emerging viewpoint of embodied cognition holds that cognitive processes are deeply rooted in the body's interactions with the world. This position actually houses a number of distinct claims, some of which are more controversial than others. This paper distinguishes and evaluates the following six claims: (1) cognition is situated; (2) cognition is time-pressured; (3) we off-load cognitive work onto the environment; (4) the environment is part of the cognitive system; (5) cognition is for action; (6) off-line cognition is body based. Of these, the first three and the fifth appear to be at least partially true, and their usefulness is best evaluated in terms of the range of their applicability. The fourth claim, I argue, is deeply problematic. The sixth claim has received the least attention in the literature on embodied cognition, but it may in fact be the best documented and most powerful of the six claims.

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          Most cited references 40

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              Intelligence without representation

               Rodney Brooks (1991)
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                Author and article information

                Journal
                Psychonomic Bulletin & Review
                Psychonomic Bulletin & Review
                Springer Science and Business Media LLC
                1069-9384
                1531-5320
                December 2002
                December 2002
                : 9
                : 4
                : 625-636
                Article
                10.3758/BF03196322
                12613670
                © 2002

                Molecular medicine, Neurosciences

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