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      HIV genetic subtypes and comparison of first CD4 +T cell counts in newly reported HIV infections in Qinzhou, Guangxi, 2016-2018

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          Abstract

          Objective To analyze the genotype characteristics of newly reported HIV patients in Qinzhou City from 2016 to 2018, and compare the first reported CD4 +T lymphocyte counts (CD4) of different HIV subtypes, so as to provide data evidence for AIDS prevention and control.

          Methods The newly discovered HIV patients in Qinzhou City from 2016 to 2018 were selected for extracting viral RNA, reverse transcription amplification, sequencing and genotyping. Kruskal-Wallis H test was used to compare the first CD4 of major HIV subtypes, and Wilcoxon test was used to compare the first CD4 of two major HIV clusters.

          Results A total of 1 666 HIV patients were included in this study. The proportions of CRF01_AE, CRF07_BC and CRF08_BC were 56.7% (945/1 666), 9.3% (155/1 666), 27.4% (457/1 666), and the median interquartile range of the first CD4 were 146 (37, 308), 254 (181, 375) and 218 (112, 348) cells/mL, respectively. The proportions of CRF01_AE(Cluster1) and CRF01_AE(Cluster 2) were 10.4% (174/1 666) and 42.0% (700/1 666), and the median interquartile range of the first CD4 were 185(43, 344), 128(34, 293) cells/mL, respectively. CRF01_AE (Cluster 2) strains were clustered with reference strains from China and Vietnam. The first CD4 in patients with CRF01_AE was lower than that of the first CD4 in patients with CRF07_BC and CRF08_BC ( Z= -6.32, P<0.05; Z= -6.05, P<0.05). The first CD4 in patients with CRF01_AE (cluster 2) was lower than that in the CRF01_AE (cluster 1) ( Z=-1.98, P<0.05).

          Conclusion CRF01_AE and CRF01_AE (Cluster 2) are the dominant genotypes in newly reported HIV infected patients in Qinzhou City, and the patients’ first CD4 is lower than CRF01_AE (Cluster 1). These genotype viruses of HIV cause great epidemic hazards in local areas.

          Abstract

          摘要 :目 分析钦州市2016—2018年新报告HIV感染者的HIV基因型构成, 比较感染者不同HIV亚型亚簇的首 次CD4 +T淋巴细胞计数(CD4), 为艾滋病防控工作提供数据支持。 方法 选取艾滋病综合防治信息系统中钦州市2016 一2018年新发现HIV感染者, 对感染者血浆进行病毒RNA提取、逆转录扩增、测序和亚型亚簇判定。采用Kmskal- Wails H秩和检验比较三种主要HIV亚型感染者的首次CD4, 采用Wilcoxon秩和检验比较两种主要HIV亚簇感染者的 首次CD4。 结果 本次研究共纳人1 666例HIV感染者。CRF01_AE、CRF07_BC和CRF08_BC三种主要亚型的构成比 分别是 56.7%(945/1 666)、9.3%(155/1 666)和 27.4%(457/1 666), 其首次 CD4 的中位数 (四分位数间距) [M(P 25, P 75)分 别是 146(37, 308)、254( 181, 375)和 218(112, 348)个/µL。CRF01_AE (Cluster 1)和 CRF01_AE (Cluster 2)亚簇的构成比 分别是 10.4% (174/1 666)和 42.0% (700/1 666), 其首次 CD4 的 M(P 25, P 75)分别是 185 (43, 344)、128 (34, 293)个/—L, CRF01_AE (Cluster 2)毒株同国内和越南的参考株成簇。CRF01_AE感染者的首次CD4低于CRF07_BC和CRF08_BC感 染者( Z=-6.32, P<0.05; Z=-6.05, P<0.05);CRF01_AE(Cluster 2)感染者首次CD4低于 CRF01_AE(Cluster 1)感染者( Z=- 1.98, P<0.05)。 结论2016—2018年钦州市新报告HIV感染者基因亚型中以CRF01_AE为主, 其首次CD4低于其他亚 型;该亚型中Cluster 2亚簇构成比最大, 其首次CD4低于Cluster 1亚簇;以Cluster 2为代表的CRF01_AE基因型毒株在 当地造成的艾滋病流行危害大。

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          CTM
          China Tropical Medicine
          China Tropical Medicine (China )
          1009-9727
          01 May 2020
          01 May 2020
          : 20
          : 5
          : 397-401
          Affiliations
          1National Center for ADIS/STD Control and Prevention, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing 102206, China
          2Qinzhou Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Qinzhou, Guangxi 535000, China
          3Lingshan County for Disease Control and Prevention, Lingshan, Guangxi 535400, China
          4Pubei County for Disease Control and Prevention, Pubei, Guangxi 535300, China
          5Qinnan District for Disease Control and Prevention, Qinzhou, Guangxi 535000, China
          6Qinbei District for Disease Control and Prevention, Qinzhou, Guangxi 535000, China
          7Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region Center for Disease Prevention and Control, Nanning, Guangxi 530028, China
          Author notes
          Corresponding authors: RUAN Yuhua, E-mail: ruanyuhua92@ 123456163.com ; SHEN Zhiyong, E-mail: shenzhiyong99999@ 123456sina.com
          Article
          j.cnki.46-1064/r.2020.05.01
          10.13604/j.cnki.46-1064/r.2020.05.01
          © 2020 Editorial Department of China Tropical Medicine

          This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 Unported License (CC BY-NC 4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. See https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/.

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