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      Cardiac, Aortic, Pericardial, and Pulmonary Vascular Receptors in the Dog

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          Abstract

          Afferent nerve activity from left and right atrial, left and right ventricular, interventricular septal, papillary muscle, pericardial, aortic and pulmonary vascular receptors was recorded from the left T3 white ramus communicans and the innominate, dorsal, recurrent, ventromedial, craniovagal and caudovagal cardiac nerves in alpha-chloralose-anesthetized dogs. The receptors were localized and the nature of the stimuli required to excite these receptors was also determined. Some ventricular receptors were excited during maximal contraction of the myocardium. Other ventricular and aortic receptors were stimulated by elevation of intracardiac or aortic pressure. The pericardial, atrial, and papillary muscle receptors were excited by stretching the surrounding tissue. The discharge patterns of these receptors were not always synchronous with the events of the cardiac cycle. The stimuli required to excite each type of receptor (ventricular, atrial, etc.) and their resultant discharge patterns were not identical for all of the receptors. Excitation of cardiac receptors with sympathetic afferents resulted in 1--2 spikes per cardiac cycle, whereas receptors with vagal afferents resulted in bursts of spikes per cardiac cycle.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          CRD
          Cardiology
          10.1159/issn.0008-6312
          Cardiology
          S. Karger AG
          0008-6312
          1421-9751
          1980
          1980
          31 October 2008
          : 65
          : 2
          : 85-100
          Affiliations
          Departments of Anesthesiology and Physiology, The Medical College of Wisconsin, and Research Service, Veterans Administration Center, Wood, Milwaukee, Wisc
          Article
          170798 Cardiology 1980;65:85–100
          10.1159/000170798
          7363286
          © 1980 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 16
          Categories
          Originial Paper

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