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      Uso de nifedipina e incidência de lesão renal aguda em pós-operatório de cirurgia de revascularização do miocárdio com CEC Translated title: Use of nefidipine and acute kidney injury incidence in postoperative of myocardial revascularization surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass

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          Abstract

          OBJETIVO: Avaliar durante o período perioperatório o uso da nifedipina na incidência de lesão renal aguda dos pacientes submetidos à revascularização do miocárdio com circulação extracorpórea. MÉTODOS: Foram estudados, de modo prospectivo e sequencial, 94 pacientes submetidos à revascularização do miocárdio com circulação extracorpórea. As dosagens da creatinina sérica foram realizadas durante pré-operatório e pós-operatório de 24, 48 horas e no 7º dia. Estabeleceu-se como definição para presença de lesão renal a elevação da creatinina sérica 30% em relação ao seu valor basal nas primeiras 24 ou 48 horas de pós-operatório. Os pacientes foram divididos em quatro grupos: G1, que recebeu nifedipina no pré-operatório; G2, que recebeu nifedipina no pós-operatório; G3, que recebeu nifedipina no pré e pós-operatórios e, G4, que não recebeu nifedipina. RESULTADOS: O grupo G4 mostrou maior elevação do percentual de creatinina sérica e maior percentual de pacientes que apresentaram insuficiência renal aguda em relação aos demais grupos no pós-operatório. CONCLUSÃO: Os valores da creatinina sérica e a incidência de lesão renal aguda no pós-operatório sugerem possível efeito nefroprotetor da nifedipina em pacientes submetidos à revascularização do miocárdio com circulação extracorpórea.

          Translated abstract

          OBJECTIVE: The objective of this work was to evaluate the influence of the use of nifedipine on the outcome of renal function in patients undergoing myocardial revascularization with cardiopulmonary bypass. METHODS: The casuistics and variables related to extracorporeal circulation were studied. Serum creatinine levels were measured preoperatively, 24, 48 hours and on 7th day postoperatively. Renal failure was defined as an increase in 30% of serum creatinine levels at 24 or 48 hours postoperatively compared to those at baseline. Patients were assigned to four groups: G1 (patients who received nifedipine preoperatively); G2 (patients who received nifedipine postoperatively); G3 (patients who received nifedipine pre and postoperatively) and G4 (patients who did not receive nifedipine). RESULTS: The mean serum creatinine levels postoperatively presented greater rise in G4 (G4>G1=G2=G3), and G4 also presented a higher percentage of patients with acute renal failure (G4>G1 and G4>G3, P<0.05; G1=G3 and G2=G4, P>0.05). CONCLUSION: The evaluation of serum creatinine values and incidence of acute kidney injury postoperatively suggest a possible nefro-potective effect of nifedipine in patients undergoing myocardial revascularization with cardiopulmonary bypass.

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          Most cited references 22

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          Association of Preoperative Risk Factors with Postoperative Acute Renal Failure

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            Calcium antagonists and renal protection. Current status and future perspectives.

            During the past decade, considerable attention has been focused on the effects of calcium antagonists on renal function. Direct in vivo and in vitro observations in diverse experimental models indicate that calcium antagonists antagonize preglomerular vasoconstriction. Furthermore, calcium antagonists are postulated to have additional properties that contribute to their ability to afford renal protection. These putative mechanisms include the ability to retard renal growth, and possibly to attenuate mesangial entrapment of macromolecules, and to attenuate the mitogenic effects of diverse growth factors. Although the clinical implications of the above-mentioned findings have not been fully delineated, the results of recent clinical trials indicate that calcium antagonists exert salutary effects on renal function in clinical settings characterized by impaired renal hemodynamics, including transplant-associated acute renal insufficiency and, possibly, cyclosporine nephrotoxicity. Evidence has accrued suggesting that calcium antagonists may also be protective against acute radiocontrast-induced nephrotoxicity. Finally, the renal hemodynamic and natriuretic effects of calcium antagonists commend their use as antihypertensive agents in the management of essential hypertension, renovascular hypertension, and transplant-associated hypertension.
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              Insuficiência renal aguda em UTI

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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Journal
                rbccv
                Brazilian Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery
                Braz. J. Cardiovasc. Surg.
                Sociedade Brasileira de Cirurgia Cardiovascular (São José do Rio Preto )
                1678-9741
                March 2010
                : 25
                : 1
                : 32-37
                Affiliations
                [1 ] Universidade Estadual Paulista Brazil
                Article
                S0102-76382010000100010
                10.1590/S0102-76382010000100010
                20563465
                Product
                Product Information: website
                Categories
                CARDIAC & CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEMS
                SURGERY

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