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      New formulation and approach for mucoadhesive buccal film of rizatriptan benzoate

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          Abstract

          Mucoadhesive buccal film is developed as a promising dosage form, which has prominent advantages because of drug delivery through buccal mucosa. New formulation of buccal films containing rizatriptan benzoate (RB) was prepared by solvent casting method using various concentrations of hydroxypropyl methylcellulose (HPMC K4M), polyvinyl alcohol (PVA), polyethylene oxide (PEO), glycerol, stevia, and goat buccal mucosa used as a model membrane. In this work, the effect of polymers and plasticizer concentrations on drug release profile, disintegration and dissolution time, mechanical properties, and mucoadhesive characteristics of films was studied. Scanning electron microscopy analysis revealed uniform distribution of RB in film formulations. Chemical compounds and thermal analysis of the films were studied by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and differential scanning calorimetry, respectively. The buccal films produced were uniform in drug content and thickness. All formulations have in vitro release of 98–102% between 40 and 80 min. Also ex vivo mucoadhesion strength was in the range of 0.205 ± 0.035 to 0.790 ± 0.014 N for all formulations. A formulation consisting RB (50 mg), HPMC K4M, PVA, and PEO (63 mg), glycerol (1.5 ml), stevia (5 mg) was selected as our optimum composition. More satisfactory results were obtained in terms of disintegration and dissolution time, mechanical properties, and mucoadhesive characteristics. In addition, it showed about 99.89% RB released in 45 min. The results suggest that RB-loaded mucoadhesive buccal films could be a potential candidate to achieve optimum drug release for effective treatment of migraine.

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          Most cited references 43

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          Pathophysiology of the migraine aura. The spreading depression theory.

           M. Lauritzen (1994)
          The characteristic form and development of sensory disturbances during migraine auras suggests that the underlying mechanism is a disturbance of the cerebral cortex, probably the cortical spreading depression (CSD) of Leão. The demonstration of unique changes of brain blood flow during attacks of migraine with aura, which have been replicated in animal experiments during CSD, constitutes another important line of support for the 'spreading depression' theory, which may be a key to an understanding of the migraine attack. Cortical spreading depression is a short-lasting depolarization wave that moves across the cortex at a rate of 3-5 mm/min. A brief phase of excitation heralds the reaction which is immediately followed by prolonged nerve cell depression synchronously with a dramatic failure of brain ion homeostasis, efflux of excitatory amino acids from nerve cells and enhanced energy metabolism. Recent experimental work has shown that CSD in the neocortex of a variety of species including man is dependent on activation of a single receptor, the N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor, one of the three subtypes of glutamate receptors. The combined experimental and clinical studies point to fruitful areas in which to look for migraine treatments of the future and provide a framework within which important aspects of the migraine attack can be modelled.
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            The use of mucoadhesive polymers in buccal drug delivery.

            Buccal delivery of the desired drug using mucoadhesive polymers has been the subject of interest since the early 1980s. Advantages associated with buccal drug delivery have rendered this route of administration useful for a variety of drugs. This review highlights the use of mucoadhesive polymers in buccal drug delivery. Starting with a review of the oral mucosa, mechanism of drug permeation, and characteristics of the desired polymers, this article then proceeds to cover the theories behind the adhesion of bioadhesive polymers to the mucosal epithelium. Additionally, we focus on the new generation of mucoadhesive polymers such as thiolated polymers, followed by the recent mucoadhesive formulations for buccal drug delivery.
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              Oral strip technology: overview and future potential.

              Over the recent past, many of the research groups are focusing their research on this technology. Amongst the plethora of avenues explored for rapid drug releasing products, Oral Strip Technology (OST) is gaining much attention. The advantages of OST are the administration to pediatric and geriatric patient population where the difficulty of swallowing larger oral dosage forms is eliminated. This technology has been used for local action, rapid release products and for buccoadhesive systems that are retained for longer period in the oral cavity to release drug in controlled fashion. OST offers an alternate platform for molecules that undergo first pass metabolism and for delivery of peptides. The review article is an overview of OST encompassing materials used in OST, critical manufacturing aspects, applications, commercial technologies and future business prospects of this technology.
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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                s.boddohi@modares.ac.ir
                Journal
                Prog Biomater
                Prog Biomater
                Progress in Biomaterials
                Springer Berlin Heidelberg (Berlin/Heidelberg )
                2194-0509
                2194-0517
                6 November 2017
                6 November 2017
                December 2017
                : 6
                : 175-187
                Affiliations
                ISNI 0000 0001 1781 3962, GRID grid.412266.5, Department of Biomedical Engineering, Faculty of Chemical Engineering, , Tarbiat Modares University, ; Tehran, Iran
                Article
                77
                10.1007/s40204-017-0077-7
                5700911
                29110144
                © The Author(s) 2017

                Open AccessThis article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License ( http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.

                Categories
                Original Research
                Custom metadata
                © The Author(s) 2017

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