The aim of this study was to examine the trends in the mortality rate and years of life lost (YLL) rate of lung cancer in Tianjin, China, during the period from 1999 to 2016.
Lung cancer death data were obtained from Tianjin residents' all‐cause death monitoring system, which covers the whole population of Tianjin. Crude mortality rate, age‐standardized mortality rate, truncated rate (35–64 years), YLL and age‐standardized YLL rate data were calculated and trends examined.
From 1999 to 2016, a total of 93 358 lung cancer deaths were reported in Tianjin, which accounted for 38.0% of all cancer deaths (93 358/245744). The crude mortality rate of lung cancer had increased 58.5% from 1999 (40.15/100000) to 2016 (63.64/100000), average annual percent change (AACP) = 2.9%, P < 0.01. However, the age‐standard YLL rate had decreased to 13.3% in 2016 than in 1999, AACP = –0.8%, P < 0.01, with a stable trend in males (AACP = –0.2%), and noticeable decreasing trend in females (AACP = –1.4%). The lung cancer mortality rate (ASRW) in urban areas was higher than that in rural areas in 1999, with a ratio of 1.99:1. However, it was lower in 2016, with the ratio of 0.98:1. For the truncated rate (35–64 years), it had decreased in urban areas compared with rural areas since the year 2013.
Lung cancer remains the most fatal cancer in Tianjin. However, the age‐standard YLL rate of lung cancer has decreased considerably accompanied by a decline in smoking rate years ago, especially in women and people living in urban areas. Considerable attention is therefore needed in the rural areas where cases of lung cancer are still rapidly increasing.