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      Glomerular Volume in Congestive Cardiac Failure

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          Abstract

          Glomerular volume has been reported to be increased in patients with congenital cyanotic heart disease and cor pulmonale; however it has not been systematically studied in patients with congestive cardiac failure (CCF). Glomerular volume was therefore measured by point-counting serially sectioned glomerular profiles of 25 randomly selected glomeruli using the Cavalieri principle in autopsy specimens from 8 patients dying from CCF and 6 age-matched controls with no renal or cardiac pathology. Mean glomerular volume was not different between patients dying from CCF and controls, 2.49 (0.21) vs. 2.25 (0.26) × 10<sup>6</sup> μm<sup>3</sup>, and the distribution of individual glomerular volumes was similar in the two groups. We conclude that severe CCF is not associated with significant glomerular enlargement and that the previously reported glomerular enlargement in cyanotic heart disease is likely to be mediated through hypoxemia.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          NEF
          Nephron
          10.1159/issn.1660-8151
          Nephron
          S. Karger AG
          1660-8151
          2235-3186
          1997
          1997
          23 December 2008
          : 76
          : 2
          : 143-145
          Affiliations
          Departments of aLaboratory Medicine and Pathology and bPediatric Nephrology, UMHC, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minn., USA
          Article
          190161 Nephron 1997;76:143–145
          10.1159/000190161
          9200404
          © 1997 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 3
          Categories
          Original Paper

          Cardiovascular Medicine, Nephrology

          Glomerulus, Cardiac failure, Glomerular volume, Autopsy

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