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      School bullying before and during COVID‐19: Results from a population‐based randomized design

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          Controlling the False Discovery Rate: A Practical and Powerful Approach to Multiple Testing

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            Bullying at School: Basic Facts and Effects of a School Based Intervention Program

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              Consequences of bullying victimization in childhood and adolescence: A systematic review and meta-analysis

              AIM To identify health and psychosocial problems associated with bullying victimization and conduct a meta-analysis summarizing the causal evidence. METHODS A systematic review was conducted using PubMed, EMBASE, ERIC and PsycINFO electronic databases up to 28 February 2015. The study included published longitudinal and cross-sectional articles that examined health and psychosocial consequences of bullying victimization. All meta-analyses were based on quality-effects models. Evidence for causality was assessed using Bradford Hill criteria and the grading system developed by the World Cancer Research Fund. RESULTS Out of 317 articles assessed for eligibility, 165 satisfied the predetermined inclusion criteria for meta-analysis. Statistically significant associations were observed between bullying victimization and a wide range of adverse health and psychosocial problems. The evidence was strongest for causal associations between bullying victimization and mental health problems such as depression, anxiety, poor general health and suicidal ideation and behaviours. Probable causal associations existed between bullying victimization and tobacco and illicit drug use. CONCLUSION Strong evidence exists for a causal relationship between bullying victimization, mental health problems and substance use. Evidence also exists for associations between bullying victimization and other adverse health and psychosocial problems, however, there is insufficient evidence to conclude causality. The strong evidence that bullying victimization is causative of mental illness highlights the need for schools to implement effective interventions to address bullying behaviours.
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                Author and article information

                Contributors
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                Journal
                Aggressive Behavior
                Aggressive Behavior
                Wiley
                0096-140X
                1098-2337
                July 07 2021
                Affiliations
                [1 ]Counselling Psychology, Faculty of Education University of Ottawa Ottawa Canada
                [2 ]School of Psychology, Faculty of Social Sciences University of Ottawa Ottawa Canada
                [3 ]Hamilton‐Wentworth District School Board Hamilton Ontario Canada
                [4 ]Department of Psychology York University Toronto Ontario Canada
                Article
                10.1002/ab.21986
                34235773
                94a694e5-7f8b-4ef3-826b-095ea3037c72
                © 2021

                http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/termsAndConditions#vor

                http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/tdm_license_1.1

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