Several adults and larvae of Pytho abieticola were discovered in 2021 and 2022 at three different localities in two regions of Switzerland, the Jura mountains and the Swiss National Park in the Eastern Alps. This very rare saproxylic beetle has not been detected in Switzerland so far. Considered a relict of primeval forests, it is in strong decline or has already disappeared from large areas of Central Europe. The isolated Swiss populations are the westernmost in its distributional range. Information on the ecology and distribution of P. abieticola in Switzerland and Europe is provided and criteria to distinguish P. abieticola from the congeneric and syntopic P. depressus are defined.