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      Climate change in Central America and Mexico: regional climate model validation and climate change projections

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      Climate Dynamics

      Springer Nature

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          Most cited references 62

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          Ecological and Evolutionary Responses to Recent Climate Change

          Ecological changes in the phenology and distribution of plants and animals are occurring in all well-studied marine, freshwater, and terrestrial groups. These observed changes are heavily biased in the directions predicted from global warming and have been linked to local or regional climate change through correlations between climate and biological variation, field and laboratory experiments, and physiological research. Range-restricted species, particularly polar and mountaintop species, show severe range contractions and have been the first groups in which entire species have gone extinct due to recent climate change. Tropical coral reefs and amphibians have been most negatively affected. Predator-prey and plant-insect interactions have been disrupted when interacting species have responded differently to warming. Evolutionary adaptations to warmer conditions have occurred in the interiors of species' ranges, and resource use and dispersal have evolved rapidly at expanding range margins. Observed genetic shifts modulate local effects of climate change, but there is little evidence that they will mitigate negative effects at the species level.
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            The simulation of SST, sea ice extents and ocean heat transports in a version of the Hadley Centre coupled model without flux adjustments

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              The impact of new physical parametrizations in the Hadley Centre climate model: HadAM3

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                Author and article information

                Journal
                Climate Dynamics
                Clim Dyn
                Springer Nature
                0930-7575
                1432-0894
                August 2011
                May 2011
                : 37
                : 3-4
                : 605-629
                Article
                10.1007/s00382-011-1099-9
                © 2011
                Product

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