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      Renal Magnesium Wasting, Hypomagnesemic Hypocalcemia, Hypocalciuria and Osteopenia in a Patient with Glycogenosis Type II

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          Abstract

          We describe a patient with late-onset glycogenosis type II with renal magnesium wasting, hypomagnesemic hypocalcemia, hypocalciuria and osteopenia. He was admitted to our hospital for evaluation of lower limb weakness and mild deterioration of liver function. Serum magnesium and calcium were low with low-to-normal levels of PTH in the patient. Echocardiogram revealed marked concentric hypertrophy of the left ventricle. An X-ray film of his spine showed a thoracic (Th12) vertebral compression fracture. Bone mineral density of the lumbar spine L2-L4 showed a reduced value. Kidney, liver and muscle biopsies were performed. These were found to have histologic features consistent with glycogenosis type II. In addition, accumulation of PAS-positive material in the cytoplasmic vacuoles of the tubular epithelium was present only in the distal tubules. An oral magnesium supplement was useful in helping to correct the hypomagnesemia, despite the presence of renal magnesium wasting in our patient. Magnesium supplement was also sufficient to maintain normal serum calcium concentrations. However, the hypocalciuria persisted in our patient despite correction of hypomagnesemia. In conclusion, the consistent association between the glycogen accumulation in distal tubules, renal magnesium wasting, hypomagnesemic hypocalcemia and hypocalciuria, in the absence of other identifiable reasons, suggests a cause-and-result relationship. Also, the combination of renal magnesium wasting, hypomagnesemia and hypocalciuria is a picture similar to that of Gitelman's syndrome in our patient. The glycogen accumulation in distal tubules may cause renal magnesium wasting and hypocalciuria through tubular injury. Therefore, we may speculate that the present case has glycogenosis type II-associated Gitelman's-like syndrome.

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          Most cited references 4

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          Hyperplasia of the juxtaglomerular complex with hyperaldosteronism and hypokalemic alkalosis

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            Magnesium Deficiency Induces Bone Loss in the Rat

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              Pharmacology of Magnesium

               S. G. Massry (1977)
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                Author and article information

                Journal
                AJN
                Am J Nephrol
                10.1159/issn.0250-8095
                American Journal of Nephrology
                S. Karger AG
                0250-8095
                1421-9670
                2000
                October 2000
                15 November 2000
                : 20
                : 5
                : 412-417
                Affiliations
                Department of Internal Medicine, Gülhane School of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey
                Article
                13628 Am J Nephrol 2000;20:412–417
                10.1159/000013628
                11093001
                © 2000 S. Karger AG, Basel

                Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

                Page count
                Figures: 2, Tables: 1, References: 43, Pages: 6
                Product
                Self URI (application/pdf): https://www.karger.com/Article/Pdf/13628
                Categories
                Case Report

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