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      Oncofetal H19-derived miR-675 regulates tumor suppressor RB in human colorectal cancer.

      Carcinogenesis

      Tumor Stem Cell Assay, 3' Untranslated Regions, pathology, Tumor Cells, Cultured, Transfection, physiology, Retinoblastoma Protein, genetics, RNA, Untranslated, pharmacology, RNA, Small Interfering, RNA, Neoplasm, RNA, Long Noncoding, RNA Interference, Neoplasm Proteins, MicroRNAs, Humans, Gene Expression Profiling, cytology, Fibroblasts, Down-Regulation, Colorectal Neoplasms, Cell Transformation, Neoplastic, Cell Division, Binding Sites, Adenocarcinoma

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          Abstract

          H19 is an imprinted oncofetal non-coding RNA recently shown to be the precursor of miR-675. The pathophysiological roles of H19 and its mature product miR-675 to carcinogenesis have, however, not been defined. By quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction, both H19 and miR-675 were found to be upregulated in human colon cancer cell lines and primary human colorectal cancer (CRC) tissues compared with adjacent non-cancerous tissues. Subsequently, the tumor suppressor retinoblastoma (RB) was confirmed to be a direct target of miR-675 as the microRNA suppressed the activity of the luciferase reporter carrying the 3'-untranslated region of RB messenger RNA that contains the miR-675-binding site. Suppression of miR-675 by transfection with anti-miR-675 increased RB expression and at the same time, decreased cell growth and soft agar colony formation in human colon cancer cells. Reciprocally, enhanced miR-675 expression by transfection with miR-675 precursor decreased RB expression, increased tumor cell growth and soft agar colony formation. Moreover, the inverse relationship between the expressions of RB and H19/miR-675 was also revealed in human CRC tissues and colon cancer cell lines. Our findings demonstrate that H19-derived miR-675, through downregulation of its target RB, regulates the CRC development and thus may serve as a potential target for CRC therapy.

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          Journal
          10.1093/carcin/bgp181
          19926638

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