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      Hepatitis C: Adherencia al tratamiento. Consulta de hígado del Hospital Miguel Pérez Carreño, Caracas

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          Abstract

          La adherencia o cumplimiento terapéutico es la realización del tratamiento de la hepatitis C con dosis suficientes de Interferon pegilado y Ribavirina durante el tiempo previsto, es decir 80% de las dosis inicialmente indicada, en el 80% del tiempo establecido. El objetivo de esta investigación fue determinar la adherencia al tratamiento en el grupo seleccionado, el cumplimiento de la terapia depende de varios factores que incluyen: paciente, efectos colaterales, personal médico y paramédico y todo aquello que impida reducir dosis o interrumpir la terapia. En este trabajo se revisaron 41 historias del archivo interno de la consulta de hígado del Hospital Miguel Pérez Carreño a quien se le indico tratamiento con Peg-Interferon y RBV por diagnostico de Hepatitis C, independientemente del genotipo. Se tomaron en cuenta los siguientes parámetros: sexo, edad, morbilidad asociada, efectos colaterales, motivo para suspender terapia, % de pacientes que culminaron tratamiento, etc. Se utilizo procesador Word y Excel, y análisis estadístico simple. El hallazgo primordial fue que aproximadamente solo el 29% culmino la terapia. La conclusión de esta revisión es entender la importancia de profundizar la relación médico-paciente y la conformación del equipo multidisciplinario como punto indispensable para lograr la adherencia al tratamiento y por ende una respuesta viral sostenida, objetivo primordial de la terapia.

          Translated abstract

          Adherence or compliance to therapy is to apply the treatment for Hepatitis C, with the maximum dosage of Pegylated Interferon and Ribavirin along the foreseen period, i.e. 80% of the dosage initially prescribed during 80% of the established time. The completion of this objective depends on numerous factors: 1. Relating to Patients: a) patient’s education and understanding to realize the consequences of the disease and b) encouraging the patient to comply with the therapy. 2. Inherent to the treatment itself: a) appropriate management of adverse effects and b) drug tolerance of the patient. 3. Setting up a multidisciplinary team: medical doctor, nurse, psychologist, hematologist, etc. which positively influence the attitude of patient preventing dose reduction and drop-out of therapy. In this paper we reviewed 41 patient’s medical records from the internal archive of the Hepatic Department, Miguel Pérez Carreño Hospital. Those patients were treated with Peg-Interferon and RBV (Ribavirin) due to Hepatitis C diagnosis, independently on the genotype. The following parameters were taken into account: gender, age, associate morbidity, side effects, reasons for suspending therapy, % of patients who completed therapy, etc. Word processor and Excel were used and the simple statistical analysis. With the fundamental finding that, approximately, only the 29% of patients culminated the therapy. Reviewing this series allowed us to assess the importance of deepen the doctor-patient relationship, as well as setting up a multidisciplinary team, as an essential point in order to achieve the adherence to treatment and, therefore, a sustained viral response: the paramount objective of the therapy.

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          Peginterferon alpha-2a is associated with higher sustained virological response than peginterferon alfa-2b in chronic hepatitis C: systematic review of randomized trials.

          A combination of weekly pegylated interferon (peginterferon) alpha and daily ribavirin represents the standard of care for the treatment of chronic hepatitis C according to current guidelines. It is not established which of the two licensed products (peginterferon alpha-2a or peginterferon alfa-2b) is most effective. We performed a systematic review of head-to-head randomized trials to assess the benefits and harms of the two treatments. We searched the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, MEDLINE, EMBASE, and LILACS through July 2009. Using standardized forms, two reviewers independently extracted data from each eligible trial report. We statistically combined data using a random effects meta-analysis according to the intention-to-treat principle. We identified 12 randomized clinical trials, including 5,008 patients, that compared peginterferon alpha-2a plus ribavirin versus peginterferon alfa-2b plus ribavirin. Overall, peginterferon alpha-2a significantly increased the number of patients who achieved a sustained virological response (SVR) versus peginterferon alfa-2b (47% versus 41%; risk ratio 1.11, 95% confidence interval 1.04-1.19; P = 0.004 [eight trials]). Subgroup analyses of risk of bias, viral genotype, and treatment history yielded similar results. The meta-analysis of adverse events leading to treatment discontinuation included 11 trials and revealed no significant differences between the two peginterferons. Current evidence suggests that peginterferon alpha-2a is associated with higher SVR than peginterferon alfa-2b. However, the paucity of evidence on adverse events curbs the decision to definitively recommend one peginterferon over the other, because any potential benefit must outweigh the risk of harm.
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            Hepatitis C en hemodiálisis

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              Hepatitis C en hemodiálisis

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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Journal
                gen
                Gen
                Gen
                Sociedad Venezolana de Gastroentereología (Caracas )
                0016-3503
                December 2011
                : 65
                : 4
                : 313-317
                Affiliations
                [1 ] Hospital Miguel Pérez Carreño Venezuela
                [2 ] PDVSA Venezuela
                [3 ] Hospital Miguel Pérez Carreño Venezuela
                Article
                S0016-35032011000400005
                954e180b-ce46-4d70-915a-c7b497a3b719

                http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

                History
                Product

                SciELO Venezuela

                Self URI (journal page): http://www.scielo.org.ve/scielo.php?script=sci_serial&pid=0016-3503&lng=en

                Hepatitis C,Adherence,Sustained viral response,Adherencia,Respuesta viral sostenida

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