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      Harmonic Analysis of the Left Ventricular Pressure Waveform of the Primate

      , ,

      Cardiology

      S. Karger AG

      Cardiac function tests, Fourier analysis, Myocardial contractility

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          Abstract

          Most attempts to quantitate myocardial function rely on morphologic features of complex pressure waveforms to reflect the functional properties of the ventricular myocardium. Relationships between waveform components and the function of the organ generating them were examined in 38 rhesus monkeys by harmonic analysis of left ventricular pressure waveforms. In the basal state, harmonic content was closely correlated (r = 0.98) with hemodynamic state, as quantitated by heart rate, systolic and diastolic pressures, left ventricular end-diastolic pressure and maximum contractile element velocity. Hemodynamic indices were expressed as significant linear functions of harmonic terms (r = 0.71–0.83), in patterns consistent with the principle of superposition. In 20 animals, infusions of dextran, methoxamine, propranolol or ouabain were used to further assess this relationship. Results demonstrated (1) significant correlation between changes in hemodynamic and harmonic parameters (r = 0.99), (2) correlations between each harmonic term and the set of hemodynamic indices such that specific terms varied directly with contractility but not with loading, whereas others correlated significantly only with loading, and (3) that the patterns in these correlations were of such specificity as to permit construction of significant discriminant functions (p < 0.0001) that accurately characterized the pharmacologically induced hemodynamic change in 85% (56/67) of trials.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          CRD
          Cardiology
          10.1159/issn.0008-6312
          Cardiology
          S. Karger AG
          0008-6312
          1421-9751
          1978
          1978
          31 October 2008
          : 63
          : 2
          : 79-93
          Affiliations
          Laboratory of Perinatal Physiology, National Institute of Neurological Diseases and Stroke, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Md., and Division of Circulatory Diseases, Department of Medicine, University of Tennessee Center for the Health Sciences, Memphis, Tenn.
          Article
          169885 Cardiology 1978;63:79–93
          10.1159/000169885
          414837
          © 1978 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 15
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