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      Evaluation of Absolute Cerebral Blood Flow by Laser-Doppler Scanning – Comparison with Hydrogen Clearance

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          Abstract

          A major limitation of laser-Doppler (LD) flowmetry, which enables noninvasive and continuous recording of tissue perfusion, is its inability to evaluate the absolute cerebral blood flow (CBF). Using a computer-controlled micromanipulator, the LD scanning technique provides information on the brain microcirculation in many different locations, information which is not available from a single stationary probe. The purpose of the current study was to examine whether LD scanning estimates can be calibrated for the absolute CBF by comparing LD scanning with the hydrogen clearance (HC) method. In Wistar rats (n = 31) including old rats (122–123 weeks old, n = 8), the CBF was altered using the global ischemia model by bilateral carotid artery occlusion coupled with hypobaric hypotension. The CBF was determined simultaneously by the LD scanning technique and HC at each mean arterial blood pressure step, and the correlation of CBF between the two techniques was analyzed. CBF measured by LD scanning was expressed as LD units. Absolute CBF values obtained by methods were correlated (r = 0.87), and the formula to calibrate absolute CBF values from LD units was y = 1.8x – 0.6. On the other hand, in old rats the formula to calibrate the absolute values was different (y = 1.3x + 8.3, r = 0.85). The results suggest that CBF data obtained by LD scanning could be calibrated into absolute blood flow values in particular circumstances, and that LD scanning could compensate in part for the weakness of LD flowmetry.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          JVR
          J Vasc Res
          10.1159/issn.1018-1172
          Journal of Vascular Research
          S. Karger AG
          1018-1172
          1423-0135
          1999
          April 1999
          22 April 1999
          : 36
          : 2
          : 100-105
          Affiliations
          aDepartment of Neurosurgery, Nara Medical University, Nara, Japan, and bInstitute of Neurosurgical Pathophysiology, Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz, Germany
          Article
          25631 J Vasc Res 1999;36:100–105@5L}@4A}
          10.1159/000025631
          10213904
          © 1999 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Figures: 2, Tables: 1, References: 18, Pages: 6
          Categories
          Research Paper

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