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      Consequences of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Manuscript Submissions by Women

      1 , 2 , 3
      JAMA Surgery
      American Medical Association (AMA)

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          Are women publishing less during the pandemic? Here’s what the data say

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            COVID-19 medical papers have fewer women first authors than expected

            The COVID-19 pandemic has resulted in school closures and distancing requirements that have disrupted both work and family life for many. Concerns exist that these disruptions caused by the pandemic may not have influenced men and women researchers equally. Many medical journals have published papers on the pandemic, which were generated by researchers facing the challenges of these disruptions. Here we report the results of an analysis that compared the gender distribution of authors on 1893 medical papers related to the pandemic with that on papers published in the same journals in 2019, for papers with first authors and last authors from the United States. Using mixed-effects regression models, we estimated that the proportion of COVID-19 papers with a woman first author was 19% lower than that for papers published in the same journals in 2019, while our comparisons for last authors and overall proportion of women authors per paper were inconclusive. A closer examination suggested that women’s representation as first authors of COVID-19 research was particularly low for papers published in March and April 2020. Our findings are consistent with the idea that the research productivity of women, especially early-career women, has been affected more than the research productivity of men.
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              Author and article information

              Journal
              JAMA Surgery
              JAMA Surg
              American Medical Association (AMA)
              2168-6254
              August 04 2020
              Affiliations
              [1 ]Department of Surgery, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
              [2 ]Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
              [3 ]Editor, JAMA Surgery
              Article
              10.1001/jamasurg.2020.3917
              9587f508-45e0-4093-a987-bb4ce9fcf182
              © 2020

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