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      Community Resilience as a Metaphor, Theory, Set of Capacities, and Strategy for Disaster Readiness

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          Abstract

          Communities have the potential to function effectively and adapt successfully in the aftermath of disasters. Drawing upon literatures in several disciplines, we present a theory of resilience that encompasses contemporary understandings of stress, adaptation, wellness, and resource dynamics. Community resilience is a process linking a network of adaptive capacities (resources with dynamic attributes) to adaptation after a disturbance or adversity. Community adaptation is manifest in population wellness, defined as high and non-disparate levels of mental and behavioral health, functioning, and quality of life. Community resilience emerges from four primary sets of adaptive capacities--Economic Development, Social Capital, Information and Communication, and Community Competence--that together provide a strategy for disaster readiness. To build collective resilience, communities must reduce risk and resource inequities, engage local people in mitigation, create organizational linkages, boost and protect social supports, and plan for not having a plan, which requires flexibility, decision-making skills, and trusted sources of information that function in the face of unknowns.

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          Most cited references74

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          Resilience and development: Contributions from the study of children who overcome adversity

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            Distinctions between social support concepts, measures, and models

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              Urban Hazard Mitigation: Creating Resilient Cities

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                Author and article information

                Journal
                American Journal of Community Psychology
                Springer Science and Business Media LLC
                00910562
                March 2008
                March 2008
                December 22 2007
                : 41
                : 1-2
                : 127-150
                Affiliations
                [1 ]Dartmouth Medical School; Hanover NH USA
                [2 ]Department of Veterans Affairs National Center for PTSD (NCPTSD); VA Medical Center (116D); 215 North Main Street 05009 White River Junction VT USA
                [3 ]National Consortium for the Study of Terrorism and Responses to Terrorism; College Park MD USA
                [4 ]University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center; Oklahoma City USA
                [5 ]Terrorism and Disaster Center; National Child Traumatic Stress Network; Oklahoma City USA
                [6 ]Phoenix College; Phoenix USA
                Article
                10.1007/s10464-007-9156-6
                18157631
                95969052-ec78-4f73-8585-79f904a879a8
                © 2007

                http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/tdm_license_1.1

                History

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