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      Simultaneous Dobutamine Stress Echocardiography and Thallium-201 Perf usion Imaging for the Detection of Coronary Artery Disease

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          Abstract

          To compare the diagnostic value of dobutamine stress echocardiography with dobutamine thallium-201 single-photonemission computed tomography (SPECT) in detecting coronary artery disease, we performed both tests simultaneously on 93 patients who also underwent coronary arteriography. Dobutamine was infused at rates of 5, 10, 20, 30 and 40 µg/kg/min in 3-min stages. The left ventricle was divided into anteroseptal, posterolateral and inferior regions. Within each region, wall motion or perfusion abnormalities were classified as normal, ischemia or fixed defect. The response to stress was concordantly classified by both tests in 67 patients (72%, k = 0.48). Regional agreement for abnormalities was observed in 79% (k = 0.56) of the 279 regions analyzed. Dobutamine echocardiography detected 62 (93%) and thallium SPECT 60 (90%, p = NS) of the 67 patients with significant coronary artery disease ( = 50% diameter stenosis). The specificity was 77 (20 of 26) and 81% (21 of 26), respectively. The accuracy was 88 and 87%, respectively. Combined the two tests gave a sensitivity of 97%, a specificity of 65% and an accuracy of 88%. The accuracy for detecting individual coronary stenosis with echocardiography was 83% for the left anterior descending artery, 84% for the right coronary artery and 73% for the left circumflex artery. With SPECT, it was 83, 87 and 76%, respectively. In conclusion, dobutamine stress echocardiography and thallium SPECT provide a comparable accuracy for detection and localization of coronary artery disease, and for identification of regional myocardial abnormalities. Performing the two tests simultaneously is feasible but it adds limited value in detecting coronary artery disease.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          CRD
          Cardiology
          10.1159/issn.0008-6312
          Cardiology
          S. Karger AG
          0008-6312
          1421-9751
          1997
          1997
          21 November 2008
          : 88
          : 6
          : 556-562
          Affiliations
          Departments of Internal Medicine and Radiology, National Taiwan University Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan
          Article
          177419 Cardiology 1997;88:556–562
          10.1159/000177419
          9397312
          © 1997 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 7
          Categories
          Noninvasive and Diagnostic Cardiology

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