Transient receptor potential vanilloid 1 (TRPV1) not only is activated by multiple stimuli but also is involved with histamine-induced itch. The effects of TRPV1 on morphine-induced itch are unknown. We examined the effects of intrathecal administration of TRPV1 antagonist on morphine-induced itch, body temperature, and antinociception for mice.
Each C57/BL6j mouse was intrathecally administered with one of the following solutions: morphine, SB366791 (as the TRPV1 antagonist), morphine + SB366791, saline, or vehicle. For each mouse, each instance of observed scratching behavior was counted, the body temperature was measured, and the nociceptive threshold was determined using the tail-immersion test.
SB366791 dose-dependently reduced the scratching behavior induced by the administration of morphine. SB366791 and the morphine + SB366791 groups did not manifest an increase in body temperature. Antinociceptive effects were observed to occur dose-dependently for morphine but not for SB366791. Compared with morphine alone, the administration of morphine + SB366791 did not reduce significant antinociceptive effects.