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      A review of the Acridinae s. str. (Orthoptera: Acridoidea: Acrididae) of eastern Africa with taxonomic changes and description of new taxa

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      Journal of Orthoptera Research

      Pensoft Publishers

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          Abstract

          The Acridinae of eastern Africa are reviewed and recognized as comprising 42 core genera, belonging to five different tribes, together with Xerophlaeoba and Dorsthippus, which are unclassified but appear to be related to some extra-limital genera. Keys are given to tribes and genus groups as well as to genera and, where necessary, species within each genus.

          The following new taxa are described: Anacteana gen. n.: A.hollisi sp. n. and A.neaveiburtti subsp. n.; Brachybothrus gen. n.: B.phyllopterus sp. n. and B.hola sp. n.; Coryphosimastenopteracolorata subsp. n.; Duroniachloronotaphippsi subsp. n.; Oxyduronia gen. n.: O.anablepioides sp. n.; Sumbaexilis sp. n.

          Nine new synonyms are recognized: Sumbalongicornis Ramme, 1929 = S.roseipennis I. Bolívar, 1912, syn. n.; Orthochiristavariegata Sjöstedt, 1931 = Gymnobothruslineaalba I. Bolívar, 1889, syn. n.; Orthochiristaelgonensis Sjöstedt, 1931 = Gymnobothruslineaalba I. Bolívar, 1889, syn. n.; Gymnobothrusgracilis (Ramme, 1931) = Gymnobothrusanchietae I. Bolívar, 1889, syn. n.; Gymnobothrussubcarinatus (I. Bolívar, 1922) = Gymnobothrusflexuosus (Schulthess, 1898), syn. n.; Gymnobothroidesmontanus Kevan, 1950 = Gymnobothruslevipeslevipes (Karsch, 1896), syn. n.; Gymnobothroideskeniensis Johnston, 1937 = Gymnobothruslevipesabbreviatus (Chopard, 1921), syn. n.; Gymnobothroides Karny, 1915 = Gymnobothrus I. Bolívar, 1889, syn. n.; Phloeochopardia Dirsh, 1958 = Gymnobothrus I. Bolívar, 1889, syn. n.

          The following 24 new or restored combinations, or new or restored states, are erected for previously described taxa: Chokweabacklundi res. comb. (formerly Chromochokweabacklundi (Uvarov, 1953)); Chokweaeucteana comb. n. (formerly Platyverticulaeucteana Jago, 1983); Sumbacallosa comb. n. (formerly Rhabdopleacallosa Uvarov, 1953); Anacteananeavei comb. n. (formerly Acteananeavei I. Bolívar, 1912); Anacteananeaveineavei stat. n.; Duroniachloronotacurta Uvarov, 1953, stat. n. et comb. (formerly Duroniacurta Uvarov, 1953); Coryphosimaabyssinica (Uvarov, 1934), res. stat. (formerly synonymized with C.elgonensis by Dirsh, 1966 (though this was ignored by Otte 1995)); Coryphosimaamplificata (Johnston, 1937), res. stat. et comb. n. (formerly Rastafariaamplificataamplificata (Johnston, 1937)); Coryphosimamorotoensis (Jago, 1968), stat. n. et comb. n. (formerly Rastafariaamplificatamorotoensis (Jago, 1968)); Coryphosimatriangularis (Bouvy, 1982), comb. n. (formerly Rastafariatriangularis Bouvy, 1982); Gymnobothruslongicornislongicornis stat. n.; Gymnobothruslongicornisephippinotus Jago, 1966, stat. n. et comb. n. (formerly Gymnobothrusephippinotus Jago, 1966); Gymnobothruslongicornissellatus Uvarov, 1953, stat. n. et comb. n. (formerly Gymnobothrussellatus Uvarov, 1953); Gymnobothrusanchietaeanchietae stat. n.; Gymnobothrusanchietaebounites Jago, 1970, stat. n. et comb. n. (formerly Gymnobothrusbounites Jago, 1970); Gymnobothrusanchietaeflaviventris Uvarov, 1953, stat. n. et comb. n. (formerly Gymnobothrusflaviventris Uvarov, 1953). Gymnobothrusanchietaeinflexus Uvarov, 1934, stat. n. et comb. n. (formerly Gymnobothrusinflexus Uvarov, 1934); Gymnobothruslevipes (Karsch, 1896), comb. n.; Gymnobothruslevipeslevipes (Karsch, 1896), stat. n. et comb. n. (formerly Gymnobothroideslevipes (Karsch, 1896)); Gymnobothruslevipesabbreviatus (Chopard, 1921), stat. n. et comb. n. (formerly Phloeochopardiaabbreviata (Chopard, 1921)); Gymnobothruspullus (Karny, 1915), comb. n.; Gymnobothruspulluspullus (Karny, 1915), stat. n. et comb. n. (formerly Gymnobothroidespullus Karny, 1915); Gymnobothruspullusminutus (Ramme, 1929), stat. n. et comb. n., nom. res. (formerly Gymnobothroidesminutus Ramme, 1929); Gymnobothruspullushemipterus (Miller, 1932), stat. n. et comb. n. (formerly Gymnobothroideshemipterus Miller, 1932).

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          Most cited references 22

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          Systema entomologiae : sistens insectorvm classes, ordines, genera, species, adiectis synonymis, locis, descriptionibvs, observationibvs / Io. Christ. Fabricii.

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            THE PHALLIC COMPLEX IN ACRIDOIDEA (ORTHOPTERA) IN RELATION TO TAXONOMY

             V. M. Dirsh (1956)
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              The internal genitalia of female Acridinae Oedipodinae and Pauliniinae (Orthoptera Acrididae)

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                Author and article information

                Journal
                Journal of Orthoptera Research
                JOR
                Pensoft Publishers
                1937-2426
                1082-6467
                May 18 2019
                May 18 2019
                : 28
                : 2
                : 37-105
                Article
                10.3897/jor.28.29312
                © 2019

                http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

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