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      Capturing ruminative exploration: Extending the four-dimensional model of identity formation in late adolescence

      , , , , , ,

      Journal of Research in Personality

      Elsevier BV

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          Most cited references 49

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          Emerging adulthood. A theory of development from the late teens through the twenties.

           J Arnett (2000)
          Emerging adulthood is proposed as a new conception of development for the period from the late teens through the twenties, with a focus on ages 18-25. A theoretical background is presented. Then evidence is provided to support the idea that emerging adulthood is a distinct period demographically, subjectively, and in terms of identity explorations. How emerging adulthood differs from adolescence and young adulthood is explained. Finally, a cultural context for the idea of emerging adulthood is outlined, and it is specified that emerging adulthood exists only in cultures that allow young people a prolonged period of independent role exploration during the late teens and twenties.
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            Private self-consciousness and the five-factor model of personality: distinguishing rumination from reflection.

            A distinction between ruminative and reflective types of private self-attentiveness is introduced and evaluated with respect to L. R. Goldberg's (1982) list of 1,710 English trait adjectives (Study 1), the five-factor model of personality (FFM) and A. Fenigstein, M. F. Scheier, and A. Buss's (1975) Self-Consciousness Scales (Study 2), and previously reported correlates and effects of private self-consciousness (PrSC; Studies 3 and 4). Results suggest that the PrSC scale confounds two unrelated, motivationally distinct dispositions--rumination and reflection--and that this confounding may account for the "self-absorption paradox" implicit in PrSC research findings: Higher PrSC scores are associated with more accurate and extensive self-knowledge yet higher levels of psychological distress. The potential of the FFM to provide a comprehensive framework for conceptualizing self-attentive dispositions, and to order and integrate research findings within this domain, is discussed.
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              Self-determination: The tyranny of freedom.

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                Author and article information

                Journal
                Journal of Research in Personality
                Journal of Research in Personality
                Elsevier BV
                00926566
                February 2008
                February 2008
                : 42
                : 1
                : 58-82
                Article
                10.1016/j.jrp.2007.04.004
                © 2008

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