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      Friction Stir Processing of Particle Reinforced Composite Materials

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          Abstract

          The objective of this article is to provide a review of friction stir processing (FSP) technology and its application for microstructure modification of particle reinforced composite materials. The main focus of FSP was on aluminum based alloys and composites. Recently, many researchers have investigated this technology for treating other alloys and materials including stainless steels, magnesium, titanium, and copper. It is shown that FSP technology is very effective in microstructure modification of reinforced metal matrix composite materials. FSP has also been used in the processing and structure modification of polymeric composite materials. Compared with other manufacturing processes, friction stir processing has the advantage of reducing distortion and defects in materials. The layout of this paper is as follows. The friction stir processing technology will be presented first. Then, the application of this technology in manufacturing and structure modification of particle reinforced composite materials will be introduced. Future application of friction stir processing in energy field, for example, for vanadium alloy and composites will be discussed. Finally, the challenges for improving friction stir processing technology will be mentioned.

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          Most cited references 106

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          Recent advances in friction-stir welding – Process, weldment structure and properties

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            Effects of friction stir welding on microstructure of 7075 aluminum

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              Microstructural aspects of the friction-stir welding of 6061-T6 aluminum

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                Author and article information

                Journal
                Materials (Basel)
                Materials (Basel)
                materials
                Materials
                Molecular Diversity Preservation International
                1996-1944
                11 January 2010
                January 2010
                : 3
                : 1
                : 329-350
                Affiliations
                [1 ]Department of Mechanical, Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering, College of Engineering, University of Toledo, 2801 W Bancroft Street, Toledo, OH 43606, USA
                [2 ]Department of Mechanical Engineering, Albert Nerken School of Engineering, The Cooper Union for the Advancement of Science and Art, 41 Cooper Square, New York, NY 10003, USA
                Author notes
                [* ]Author to whom correspondence should be addressed; E-Mail: yong.gan@ 123456utoledo.edu ; Tel.: +1-419-530-6007; Fax: +1-419-530-8206.
                Article
                materials-03-00329
                10.3390/ma3010329
                5525169
                © 2010 by the authors;

                licensee Molecular Diversity Preservation International, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open-access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution license http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/.

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