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      El papel de las competencias emocionales parentales en las conductas internalizantes y el autoconcepto de los niños Translated title: The role of emotional parental competencies in children’s internalizing behaviors and self-concept

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          Abstract

          Resumen Introducción: Las competencias emocionales de los padres se constituyen en un factor protector para el fortalecimiento del autoconcepto en los niños; sin embargo, cuando no se expresan adecuadamente pueden generar en los hijos problemas internalizantes. La evidencia empírica en Colombia sobre la relación entre dichas variables no ha sido suficiente por lo cual es fundamental continuar su estudio. Objetivo: Identificar la relación entre competencias emocionales de los padres, el nivel de autoconcepto y las conductas internalizantes en niños de 8 a 12 años. Método: En esta investigación correlacional se aplicó el Cuestionario de Evaluación de Estilos Educativos de Padres (CEEP), la Lista de Chequeo de la Conducta Infantil (CBCL) formato para padres; y la Escala de autoconcepto de Piers-Harris a los niños. Los participantes fueron 364, conformados por 182 diadas (padres e hijos de 8 a 12 años) de colegios públicos y privados de Bogotá, seleccionados bajo un muestreo no probabilístico por conveniencia. Resultados: Se encontró una relación positiva estadísticamente significativa entre la impulsividad en padres y los síntomas ansioso/depresivo (Rho= 0,213; p= 0,04) y aislado/depresivo (Rho= 0,210; p= 0,004) en los niños. Se hallaron relaciones inversas entre el manejo emocional y el componente intelectual del autoconcepto (Rho= -0,148; p= 0,046), entre los síntomas ansioso/depresivo y los componentes conductual (Rho= -0,240; p= 0,001), físico (Rho= -0,182; p= 0,014) y falta de ansiedad del autoconcepto (Rho= -0,213; p= 0,004). Conclusiones: Las relaciones encontradas entre impulsividad y síntomas internalizantes en los niños, evidencian que los enfados excesivos e injustificados de los padres, pueden asociarse con preocupación excesiva y aislamiento social en los hijos. Estos hallazgos permiten sugerir para futuros estudios, evaluar el efecto de programas para prevenir problemas de ansiedad y depresión en los niños a través del entrenamiento en regulación emocional a los padres.

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          Abstract Introduction: The emotional competences of the parents are a protective factor for strengthening the self-concept in children; However, when they aren’t expressed properly, they can generate internalizing problems in the children. The empirical evidence in Colombia on the relationship between these variables hasn’t been sufficient, so it is essential to continue its study. Objective: To identify the relationship between parents’ emotional competences, the level of self-concept and internalizing behaviors such as anxiety, depression and somatic complaints in children. Method: In this correlational research, the Parent Educational Style Assessment Questionnaire (CEEP), the Child Behavior Check List (CBCL)parent format and the Piers-Harris Self-Concept Scale were applied to children. The participants were 364 made up of 182 dyads (parents and children from 8 to 12 years old) from public and private schools in Bogotá, selected under a non-probabilistic sampling for convenience. Results: A statistically significant positive relationship was found between impulsiveness in parents and anxious/depressive symptoms (Rho = 0,213; p= 0,04) and isolated/depressive (Rho= 0,210; p= 0,004) in children. Inverse relationships were found between emotional management and the intellectual component of self-concept (Rho=-0,148; p= 0,046), between anxious/depressive symptoms and behavioral components (Rho = -0,240; p= 0,001), physical (Rho = -0,182; p= 0,014) and lack of self-concept anxiety (Rho=-0,213; p= 0,004). Conclusions: The relationships found between impulsivity and internalizing symptoms in children show that excessive and unjustified anger of parents can be associated with excessive concern and social isolation in children. These findings allow us to suggest for future studies, to evaluate the effect of programs to prevent anxiety and depression problems in children through training in emotional regulation for parents.

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          The Role of the Family Context in the Development of Emotion Regulation.

          This article reviews current literature examining associations between components of the family context and children and adolescents' emotion regulation (ER). The review is organized around a tripartite model of familial influence. Firstly, it is posited that children learn about ER through observational learning, modeling and social referencing. Secondly, parenting practices specifically related to emotion and emotion management affect ER. Thirdly, ER is affected by the emotional climate of the family via parenting style, the attachment relationship, family expressiveness and the marital relationship. The review ends with discussions regarding the ways in which child characteristics such as negative emotionality and gender affect ER, how socialization practices change as children develop into adolescents, and how parent characteristics such as mental health affect the socialization of ER.
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            Educación emocional y competencias básicas para la vida

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              Parents in prevention: A meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials of parenting interventions to prevent internalizing problems in children from birth to age 18.

              Burgeoning evidence that modifiable parental factors can influence children's and adolescents' risk for depression and anxiety indicates that parents can play a crucial role in prevention of these disorders in their children. However, it remains unclear whether preventive interventions that are directed primarily at the parent (i.e. where the parent receives more than half of the intervention) are effective in reducing child internalizing (including both depression and anxiety) problems in the longer term.
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                Author and article information

                Journal
                psico
                Psicogente
                Psicogente
                Universidad Simón Bolívar (Barranquilla, Atlántico, Colombia )
                0124-0137
                December 2020
                : 23
                : 44
                : 166-188
                Affiliations
                [4] Bogotá orgnameUniversidad de San Buenaventura Colombia
                [2] Bogotá orgnameUniversidad de San Buenaventura Colombia
                [1] Bogotá orgnameUniversidad de San Buenaventura Colombia jhoanacbello@ 123456hotmail.com
                [3] Bogotá orgnameUniversidad de San Buenaventura Colombia
                Article
                S0124-01372020000200166 S0124-0137(20)02304400166
                10.17081/psico.23.44.3824
                9708f125-93df-4517-9d1b-ad33c302e9e3

                This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

                History
                : 15 May 2020
                : 21 January 2020
                Page count
                Figures: 0, Tables: 0, Equations: 0, References: 72, Pages: 23
                Product

                SciELO Colombia


                depression,anxiety,internalizing symptoms,self-esteem,emotional competences,depresión,ansiedad,síntomas internalizantes,autoestima,Competencias emocionales

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