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      Longitudinal association of cumulative ecological risk on psychosexual health in left-behind adolescents

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          Abstract

          Objective To explore the mediating effect of sensation seeking and the moderating effect of parenting style at cumulative ecological risk on psychosexual health in left-behind adolescents.

          Methods Using convenience cluster sampling, 509 left-behind adolescents in 12 middle and primary schools were selected from May to July 2020. Cumulative ecological risk, psychosexual health, sensation seeking and parenting style were evaluated at baseline (T1) and 1-year follow-up (T2).

          Results T1 accumulative ecological risk predicted T2 psychosexual health after sensation seeking at T1 was controlled ( β = 0.37, P<0.01). T1 sensation seeking predicted T2 psychosexual health after controlled for psychosexual health at T1 ( β = −0.26, P<0.01), sensation seeking played a mediating role, indirect effect accounted for 35.85% of the total effect; T1 cumulative ecological risk ×T2 parenting style had predictive effects on T2 sensation seeking and psychosexual health ( β = 0.17, −0.24, P<0.01).

          Conclusion The cumulative ecological risk influences psychosexual health through sensation seeking, parenting style moderates the associations between cumulative ecological risk, sensation seeking and psychosexual health. Left-behind teenagers with high cumulative ecological risk can cultivate good sexual psychological level by reducing high seeking traits and optimizing parental rearing styles.

          Abstract

          【摘要】 目的 探讨留守青少年累积生态风险与性心理健康间感觉寻求的中介作用和父母教养方式的调节作用。 方法 2020 年 5—7 月, 便利整群抽样选取山东省东陵市和河南省泌阳县 12 所中小学的青少年进行为期 1 年 2 个时间点的纵向 追踪调査研究 (T1 和 T2), 共 509 名留守青少年纳人研究, 调査内容包括累积生态风险指数、性心理健康、感觉寻求及父母 教养方式。采用 AMOS 21.0 验证纵向中介作用, 采用 Hayes 程序进行调节作用假设模型检验。 结果 控制 T1 感觉寻求, T1 累积生态风险可正向预测 T2 感觉寻求 ( β = 0.37, P<0.01), 控制 T1 性心理, T1 感觉寻求可负向预测 T2 性心理 ( β = −0.26, P<0.01), 感觉寻求中介效应有统计学意义, 间接效应占总效应的 35.85%; T1 累积生态风险与 T2 父母教养方式乘 积项对 T2 感觉寻求和 T2 性心理健康的预测作用均有统计学意义 ( β 值分别为 0.17, −0.24, P 值均<0.01)。 结论 留守青 少年累积生态风险通过感觉寻求影响性心理健康水平, 父母教养方式调节了累积生态风险、感觉寻求与性心理健康间作用 关系。髙累积生态风险留守青少年可通过降低髙寻求特质, 优化父母教养方式来培养良好性心理水平。

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          CJSH
          Chinese Journal of School Health
          Chinese Journal of School Health (China )
          1000-9817
          01 July 2022
          01 July 2022
          : 43
          : 7
          : 1070-1074
          Affiliations
          [1] 1Department of Nursing, Harbin Medical University, Harbin (150081), China
          Article
          j.cnki.1000-9817.2022.07.026
          10.16835/j.cnki.1000-9817.2022.07.026
          972a0a7b-77a6-4fbc-bfc7-68a7137825d9
          © 2022 Chinese Journal of School Health

          This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 Unported License (CC BY-NC 4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. See https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/.

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          Self URI (journal-page): http://www.cjsh.org.cn
          Categories
          Journal Article

          Ophthalmology & Optometry,Pediatrics,Nutrition & Dietetics,Clinical Psychology & Psychiatry,Public health
          Mental health,Adolescent,Education,Sex,Legal guardians

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