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      Microbial biogeography: putting microorganisms on the map.

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          Abstract

          We review the biogeography of microorganisms in light of the biogeography of macroorganisms. A large body of research supports the idea that free-living microbial taxa exhibit biogeographic patterns. Current evidence confirms that, as proposed by the Baas-Becking hypothesis, 'the environment selects' and is, in part, responsible for spatial variation in microbial diversity. However, recent studies also dispute the idea that 'everything is everywhere'. We also consider how the processes that generate and maintain biogeographic patterns in macroorganisms could operate in the microbial world.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          Nat Rev Microbiol
          Nature reviews. Microbiology
          Springer Science and Business Media LLC
          1740-1526
          1740-1526
          Feb 2006
          : 4
          : 2
          Affiliations
          [1 ] Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, 80 Waterman Street, BOX G-W, Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island 02912, USA. jennifer_martiny@brown.edu
          Article
          nrmicro1341
          10.1038/nrmicro1341
          16415926
          974b4014-a3d2-42d1-a52b-124b054b9ed8

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