Excessive reactive oxygen species production caused by type 2 diabetes conditions can disrupt normal bone metabolism and greatly impair bone regeneration.
In the present study, curcumin (Cur)-loaded microspheres were incorporated into a fish collagen nano-hydroxyapatite scaffold to promote bone repair under diabetic conditions by inhibiting the reactive oxygen species production.
The drug release kinetic study showed that the Cur release from the composite scaffolds lasted up to 30 days. The sustained curcumin release from the scaffold significantly inhibited the overproduction of reactive oxygen species in mesenchymal stem cells caused by diabetic serum. Moreover, the Cur-loaded scaffold also remarkedly alleviated the negative effects of diabetic serum on the proliferation, migration, and osteogenic differentiation of mesenchymal stem cells. When implanted into bone defects in type 2 diabetic rats, the Cur-loaded scaffold also showed a greater bone formation capability compared to the pure scaffold.