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      Genomic prediction accuracies and abilities for growth and wood quality traits of Scots pine, using genotyping-by-sequencing (GBS) data

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          ABSTRACT

          Higher genetic gains can be achieved through genomic selection (GS) by shortening time of progeny testing in tree breeding programs. Genotyping-by-sequencing (GBS), combined with two imputation methods, allowed us to perform the current genomic prediction study in Scots pine ( Pinus sylvestris L.). 694 individuals representing 183 full-sib families were genotyped and phenotyped for growth and wood quality traits. 8719 SNPs were used to compare different genomic prediction models. In addition, the impact on the predictive ability (PA) and prediction accuracy to estimate genomic breeding values was evaluated by assigning different ratios of training and validation sets, as well as different subsets of SNP markers. Genomic Best Linear Unbiased Prediction (GBLUP) and Bayesian Ridge Regression (BRR) combined with expectation maximization (EM) imputation algorithm showed higher PAs and prediction accuracies than Bayesian LASSO (BL). A subset of approximately 4000 markers was sufficient to provide the same PAs and accuracies as the full set of 8719 markers. Furthermore, PAs were similar for both pedigree- and genomic-based estimations, whereas accuracies and heritabilities were slightly higher for pedigree-based estimations. However, prediction accuracies of genomic models were sufficient to achieve a higher selection efficiency per year, varying between 50-87% compared to the traditional pedigree-based selection.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          bioRxiv
          April 12 2019
          Article
          10.1101/607648
          © 2019
          Product

          Genetics

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