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      Using a Studio-Academic Partnership to Advance Public Health Within a Pragmatic Yoga Setting

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          Abstract

          Objectives: To explore community-based yoga studio practitioners’ psychosocial variables, behaviors, and studio satisfaction. Methods: Concurrent mixed-methods study consisted of a survey for demographic variables and psychosocial variables of interest (e.g., mindfulness, self-compassion, physical activity participation) and interviews regarding reasons for participating at the yoga studio. Results: Participants (N = 138) were, on average, 35.58 ± 14.09 years old and predominantly female (91.3%), married (40.6%) or single (37%), Caucasian (75%), and college (25.4%) or graduate/medical school (45%) educated, with 54% meeting physical activity recommendations. On a 5-point Likert-type scale, participants reported being moderately cohesive ( M sumscore = 3.87 ± 0.62), stressed ( M sumscore = 3.2 ± 0.39), mindful ( M sumscore = 3.4 ± 0.41), and self-compassionate ( M sumscore = 3.26 ± 0.56). A rapid content analysis of interviews (n = 18), indicated that participants primarily practiced at the studio for the sense of community. Conclusions: Yoga practitioners reported positive perceptions and behaviors; however, opportunities remain for interventions to improve mental and physical health among individuals already attending a yoga studio. Through an academic-studio partnership, studio offerings may include low-dose evidence-based interventions to improve access to and uptake of a yoga practice.

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          Most cited references 23

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          Construction and factorial validation of a short form of the Self-Compassion Scale.

          The objective of the present study was to construct and validate a short-form version of the Self-Compassion Scale (SCS). Two Dutch samples were used to construct and cross-validate the factorial structure of a 12-item Self-Compassion Scale-Short Form (SCS-SF). The SCS-SF was then validated in a third, English sample. The SCS-SF demonstrated adequate internal consistency (Cronbach's alpha ≥ 0.86 in all samples) and a near-perfect correlation with the long form SCS (r ≥ 0.97 all samples). Confirmatory factor analysis on the SCS-SF supported the same six-factor structure as found in the long form, as well as a single higher-order factor of self-compassion. The SCS-SF thus represents a reliable and valid alternative to the long-form SCS, especially when looking at overall self-compassion scores. Copyright © 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
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            Psychometric properties of the five facet mindfulness questionnaire in depressed adults and development of a short form.

            In recent years, there has been a growing interest in therapies that include the learning of mindfulness skills. The 39-item Five Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire (FFMQ) has been developed as a reliable and valid comprehensive instrument for assessing different aspects of mindfulness in community and student samples. In this study, the psychometric properties of the Dutch FFMQ were assessed in a sample of 376 adults with clinically relevant symptoms of depression and anxiety. Construct validity was examined with confirmatory factor analyses and by relating the FFMQ to measures of psychological symptoms, well-being, experiential avoidance, and the personality factors neuroticism and openness to experience. In addition, a 24-item short form of the FFMQ (FFMQ-SF) was developed and assessed in the same sample and cross-validated in an independent sample of patients with fibromyalgia. Confirmatory factor analyses showed acceptable model fit for a correlated five-factor structure of the FFMQ and good model fit for the structure of the FFMQ-SF. The replicability of the five-factor structure of the FFMQ-SF was confirmed in the fibromyalgia sample. Both instruments proved highly sensitive to change. It is concluded that both the FFMQ and the FFMQ-SF are reliable and valid instruments for use in adults with clinically relevant symptoms of depression and anxiety.
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              The Physical Activity Group Environment Questionnaire: An instrument for the assessment of cohesion in exercise classes.

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                Author and article information

                Journal
                J Prim Care Community Health
                J Prim Care Community Health
                JPC
                spjpc
                Journal of Primary Care & Community Health
                SAGE Publications (Sage CA: Los Angeles, CA )
                2150-1319
                2150-1327
                20 September 2019
                Jan-Dec 2019
                : 10
                Affiliations
                [1 ]Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, VA, USA
                [2 ]In Balance Yoga Studio, Blacksburg, VA, USA
                Author notes
                Samantha M. Harden, Physical Activity Research and Community Implementation Laboratory, Human Nutrition, Foods, and Exercise, Virginia Tech, 1981 Kraft Drive, Blacksburg, VA 24061, USA. Email: harden.samantha@ 123456vt.edu
                Article
                10.1177_2150132719874621
                10.1177/2150132719874621
                6755627
                31538842
                © The Author(s) 2019

                This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License ( http://www.creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits any use, reproduction and distribution of the work without further permission provided the original work is attributed as specified on the SAGE and Open Access pages ( https://us.sagepub.com/en-us/nam/open-access-at-sage).

                Categories
                Original Research
                Custom metadata
                January-December 2019

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