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      Provenance and Tectonic Implications of Paleozoic Strata in the South Yellow Sea Basin, China – Revealed from the Borehole CSDP-2

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          Well CSDP-2 is a fully coring deep drilling hole, penetrating the thick Paleozoic marine strata in the South Yellow Sea Basin (SYSB) in the lower Yangtze Block (LYB). Based on the petrological and geochemical analysis of 40 sandstone samples from the core CSDP-2, the provenance and tectonic features of Paleozoic detrital rocks from SYSB are analyzed and systematically delineated in this article. The results show that the Silurian – Carboniferous sandstones are mature sublitharenite, while the Permian sandstones are unstable feldspathic litharenite. The average CIA (chemical index of alteration) is 74.61, which reflects these sediments were derived from source rocks with moderate chemical weathering. The REE (rare earth element) patterns are characterized by LREE enrichment, flat HREE and obviously negative Eu anomaly, which are similar to that of the upper continental crust. Dickinson QFL discrimination results indicate the recycled orogeny provenance. Various diagrams for the discrimination of sedimentary provenance based on major and trace element data show all the sediments were derived predominantly from quartz sedimentary rocks, of which the Permian strata contain more felsic sedimentary rocks. Geochemical data for these detrital rocks suggest they occur at the passive continental margin and island arc settings, and the Permian sandstone presents active continental margin setting.

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          Author and article information

          Journal of Ocean University of China
          Science Press and Springer (China )
          02 May 2020
          01 June 2020
          : 19
          : 3
          : 536-550
          1College of Marine Geosciences, Ocean University of China, Qingdao 266100, China
          2Institute for Advanced Ocean Study, Ocean University of China, Qingdao 266100, China
          3Laboratory for Marine Mineral Resources, Pilot National Laboratory for Marine Science and Technology, Qingdao 266237, China
          4Qingdao Institute of Marine Geology, China Geological Survey, Qingdao 266071, China
          Author notes
          *Corresponding author: ZHANG Xunhua, E-mail: xunhuazh611102@
          Copyright © Ocean University of China, Science Press and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany 2020.

          The copyright to this article, including any graphic elements therein (e.g. illustrations, charts, moving images), is hereby assigned for good and valuable consideration to the editorial office of Journal of Ocean University of China, Science Press and Springer effective if and when the article is accepted for publication and to the extent assignable if assignability is restricted for by applicable law or regulations (e.g. for U.S. government or crown employees).

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