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Acute “Pseudoischemic” ECG Abnormalities after Right Pneumonectomy

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      Abstract

      New onset of electrocardiographic (ECG) abnormalities can occur after lung surgery due to the changes in the position of structures and organs in the chest cavity. The most common heart rhythm disorder is atrial fibrillation. So-called “pseudoischemic” ECG changes that mimic classic ECG signs of acute myocardial ischemia are also often noticed. We report the case of a 68-year-old male, with no prior cardiovascular disease, who underwent extensive surgical resection for lung cancer. On a second postoperative day, clinical and electrocardiographic signs of acute myocardial ischemia occurred. According to clinical course, diagnostic procedures, and therapeutic response, we excluded acute coronary syndrome. We concluded that physical lesion of the pericardium, caused by extended pneumonectomy with resection of the pericardium, provoked the symptoms and ECG signs that mimic acute coronary syndrome. Our final diagnosis was postpericardiotomy syndrome after extended pneumonectomy and further treatment with nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) was recommended. It is necessary to consider possibility that nature of ECG changes after extended pneumonectomy could be “pseudoischemic.”

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      Most cited references 15

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      Guidelines on the diagnosis and management of pericardial diseases executive summary; The Task force on the diagnosis and management of pericardial diseases of the European society of cardiology.

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        Supraventricular arrhythmias after resection surgery of the lung.

        Two hundred consecutive patients undergoing resection surgery of the lung during 1999 were retrospectively reviewed to define prevalence, type, clinical course and risk factors for postoperative supraventricular arrhythmias (SVA) with particular reference to atrial fibrillation or flutter (AF). Records of 200 lung patients were collected and analysed with particular attention to preoperative physiologic values and associated pathologies, lung functional status, electrocardiogram registration, extent of surgical resection of the lung and were also analysed to confirm or exclude correlation between them and postoperative AF; three patients were excluded as they were affected preoperatively by SVA. Forty-five episodes of SVA, 41 of AF were identified in 197 patients (22%) and were more prevalent in several groups of patients such as those with increased age, pneumonectomy and superior lobectomy. Rhythm disturbances were most likely to develop on the second day after surgery. Ninety-eight percent of AF disappeared within a day of discharge and sinus rhythm was restored with digitalis or other antiarrhythmic drugs in all patients except one who was discharged with persistent atrial fibrillation. Arrhythmias were not direct causes of any in-hospital deaths. There is a tendency in the difference of the AF rate between pneumonectomy and upper lobectomy patients versus inferior lobectomy ones, probably related to the different anatomic structure of the proximal trunks of the upper and inferior veins of the lung, respectively. Statistical analysis revealed that increased age, extent and type of pulmonary resection, such as pneumonectomy and superior lobectomy were significant risk factors. Despite these factors, arrhythmias after lung surgery could be managed easily and were not closely related to higher mortality. Direct cause of AF after lung resection surgery remains unclear; anatomical substrate such as surgical damage to the cardiac plexus or to the proximal trunks of the pulmonary veins covered by myocardial sleeves with electrical properties are to be considered.
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          The Society of Thoracic Surgeons practice guideline on the prophylaxis and management of atrial fibrillation associated with general thoracic surgery: executive summary.

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            Author and article information

            Affiliations
            1Clinic for Pulmonary Diseases, Clinical Center of Serbia, Belgrade, Serbia
            2Faculty of Medicine, University of Belgrade, Belgrade, Serbia
            3Center for Radiology and Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Clinical Center of Serbia, Belgrade, Serbia
            Author notes

            Academic Editor: Christophoros Foroulis

            Journal
            Case Rep Surg
            Case Rep Surg
            CRIS
            Case Reports in Surgery
            Hindawi Publishing Corporation
            2090-6900
            2090-6919
            2017
            18 January 2017
            : 2017
            5286476 10.1155/2017/7872535
            Copyright © 2017 Nada Vasic et al.

            This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

            Categories
            Case Report

            Surgery

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