Blog
About

4
views
0
recommends
+1 Recommend
0 collections
    0
    shares
      • Record: found
      • Abstract: found
      • Article: not found

      Increase of interleukin-6 plasma levels after elective craniotomy: influence of interleukin-10 and catecholamines.

      Acta Neurochirurgica

      surgery, Acute-Phase Reaction, diagnosis, immunology, Adult, Aged, Blood-Brain Barrier, physiology, Brain Neoplasms, secondary, Catecholamines, blood, Cerebrovascular Disorders, Craniotomy, Female, Follow-Up Studies, Humans, Interleukin-10, Interleukin-6, Male, Middle Aged, Monocytes, Postoperative Complications, Treatment Outcome

      Read this article at

      ScienceOpenPubMed
      Bookmark
          There is no author summary for this article yet. Authors can add summaries to their articles on ScienceOpen to make them more accessible to a non-specialist audience.

          Abstract

          Accidental and operative trauma are able to induce a systemic reaction of the organism characterized by fever, leukocytosis, catabolism, and an activation of the coagulation system. Interleukin-6 (IL-6) has been found to be an important mediator of this acute-phase response. In this study the influence of elective craniotomy on IL-6 plasma levels was evaluated. Blood samples were obtained from 20 patients undergoing elective craniotomy for vascular or tumorous diseases of the brain. IL-6 increased significantly (p < 0.05) from the pre-operative (0(0-5.4) pg/ml) to the intraoperative (180 min after beginning of surgery) time-point (10.6 (0-18.5) pg/ml). The maximum was reached on the first postoperative morning (13.9(4.3-45.0) pg/ml). Interleukin-10 (IL-10) is an anti-inflammatory cytokine which suppresses IL-6 synthesis in vitro in various cell lines. IL-10 plasma concentrations showed no alterations throughout the study period. Epinephrine plasma concentrations increased significantly from pre-operative values (15 (0-74) pg/ml) to the postoperative time-point (57(9-459) pg/ml). A 4.5-fold increase (p < 0.05) of norepinephrine plasma concentrations was found when comparing the data obtained 60 min after beginning of surgery with the data of the first postoperative morning. In monocytes, which are a major source of plasma IL-6, an elevation of intracellular cAMP stimulates the IL-6 synthesis. The postoperative maximum of IL-6 in plasma could be due to a release of catecholamines. In conclusion this study demonstrated an elevation of IL-6 plasma concentrations during and after elective craniotomy. Increased plasma catecholamine concentrations as well as a damage in the blood-brain barrier due to the surgical trauma with a spill-over of IL-6 from brain tissue into plasma could have contributed to this result.

          Related collections

          Author and article information

          Journal
          8686529

          Comments

          Comment on this article