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      Effect of Right Atrial Stimulation on both Atrial Pressure and Atrial Natriuretic Peptide Release in Essential Hypertension

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          Abstract

          Several reports indicated a direct relationship between atrial pacing and atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) blood levels, but few controlled hemodynamic studies have been reported. In particular, the relationship between increase in heart rate, release of ANP and increase in right atrial pressure (RAP) are still uncertain. Moreover, the effect of accelerated heart rate on ANP secretion in patients with essential hypertension has not yet been fully elucidated. For this, we studied 12 untreated essential hypertensive (EH; WHO stage I–II) and 10 age-matched normotensive subjects (NO) as control by right atrial stimulation (parasinusal site) in consecutive steps of 110, 130 and 150 b.p.m., each step lasting for 5 min. Both before and during stimulation at each pacing rate (after 5 min) RAP and systolic blood pressure (SBP) were measured and blood was drawn from the right atrium for ANP measurements (radioimmunoassay method). During stimulation we observed significant differences in the ANP release in comparison to the initial values: at 130 (p < 0.05) and at 150 b.p.m. (p < 0.01) in EH; at 150 b.p.m. (p < 0.005) in NO. RAP and SBP did not differ significantly at each pacing rate from initial values both in EH and NO. No significant differences in ANP and RAP were found between EH and NO. In conclusion: (a) ANP release increases in both EH and NO, even if beginning at 130 in EH and at 150 b.p.m. in NO; (b) in both EH and NO, there is no relationship between RAP or SBP values and ANP secretion. Thus, it appears that the acceleration of heart rate through atrial pacing alone could influence the ANP secretion from atrial cells.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          CRD
          Cardiology
          10.1159/issn.0008-6312
          Cardiology
          S. Karger AG
          0008-6312
          1421-9751
          1991
          1991
          12 November 2008
          : 78
          : 4
          : 304-310
          Affiliations
          aFirst Institute of Clinical Medicine, and bSecond Institute of Clinical Medicine (Special Medical Pathology), University of Florence, Italy
          Article
          174809 Cardiology 1991;78:304–310
          10.1159/000174809
          1832330
          © 1991 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 7
          Categories
          General Cardiology

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