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      The associations between religion, bereavement and depression among Hong Kong nurses

      research-article
      1 , , 1 , 2
      BMC Research Notes
      BioMed Central
      Bereavement, Depression, Mental health, Nurses, Religion

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          Abstract

          Background

          This paper is to examine the associations between religion, bereavement and depression among nursing professionals using a cross-sectional survey design. There is little empirical evidence in Asia suggesting that religion may either increase or lower the likelihood of nursing professionals being depressed.

          Methods

          We analyzed the results of a Mental Health Survey soliciting data from 850 Hong Kong nurses (aged 21–59, 178 males) regarding their mental well-being and associated factors, including participants’ socio-economic profile and recent life-events. Multiple linear regression analyses examined associations between religion, bereavement and depression.

          Results

          Religious faith is weakly associated with lower self-reported depression in bereavement.

          Conclusions

          Our findings confirm those studies suggesting that religion positively affects mental health and yet healthcare providers have yet to assimilate this insight.

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          Most cited references31

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          The Depression Anxiety Stress Scales-21 (DASS-21): further examination of dimensions, scale reliability, and correlates.

          We conducted two studies to examine the dimensions, internal consistency reliability estimates, and potential correlates of the Depression Anxiety Stress Scales-21 (DASS-21; Lovibond & Lovibond, 1995). Participants in Study 1 included 887 undergraduate students (363 men and 524 women, aged 18 to 35 years; mean [M] age = 19.46, standard deviation [SD] = 2.17) recruited from two public universities to assess the specificity of the individual DASS-21 items and to evaluate estimates of internal consistency reliability. Participants in a follow-up study (Study 2) included 410 students (168 men and 242 women, aged 18 to 47 years; M age = 19.65, SD = 2.88) recruited from the same universities to further assess factorial validity and to evaluate potential correlates of the original DASS-21 total and scale scores. Item bifactor and confirmatory factor analyses revealed that a general factor accounted for the greatest proportion of common variance in the DASS-21 item scores (Study 1). In Study 2, the fit statistics showed good fit for the bifactor model. In addition, the DASS-21 total scale score correlated more highly with scores on a measure of mixed depression and anxiety than with scores on the proposed specific scales of depression or anxiety. Coefficient omega estimates for the DASS-21 scale scores were good. Further investigations of the bifactor structure and psychometric properties of the DASS-21, specifically its incremental and discriminant validity, using known clinical groups are needed. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
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            TARGET ARTICLE: Explaining the Relationships Between Religious Involvement and Health

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              Psychometric properties of the Depression Anxiety and Stress Scale-21 in older primary care patients.

              The Depression Anxiety Stress Scale (DASS) was designed to efficiently measure the core symptoms of anxiety and depression and has demonstrated positive psychometric properties in adult samples of anxiety and depression patients and student samples. Despite these findings, the psychometric properties of the DASS remain untested in older adults, for whom the identification of efficient measures of these constructs is especially important. To determine the psychometric properties of the DASS 21-item version in older adults, we analyzed data from 222 medical patients seeking treatment to manage worry. Consistent with younger samples, a three-factor structure best fit the data. Results also indicated good internal consistency, excellent convergent validity, and good discriminative validity, especially for the Depression scale. Receiver operating curve analyses indicated that the DASS-21 predicted the diagnostic presence of generalized anxiety disorder and depression as well as other commonly used measures. These data suggest that the DASS may be used with older adults in lieu of multiple scales designed to measure similar constructs, thereby reducing participant burden and facilitating assessment in settings with limited assessment resources.
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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                teris.cheung@polyu.edu.hk
                paul.h.lee@polyu.edu.hk
                sfpyip@hku.hk
                Journal
                BMC Res Notes
                BMC Res Notes
                BMC Research Notes
                BioMed Central (London )
                1756-0500
                4 July 2017
                4 July 2017
                2017
                : 10
                : 242
                Affiliations
                [1 ]ISNI 0000 0004 1764 6123, GRID grid.16890.36, School of Nursing, , Hong Kong Polytechnic University, ; Hong Kong, Hong Kong SAR, China
                [2 ]ISNI 0000000121742757, GRID grid.194645.b, Centre for Suicide Research and Prevention, , University of Hong Kong, ; Hong Kong, Hong Kong SAR, China
                Article
                2588
                10.1186/s13104-017-2588-7
                5496336
                98972944-510a-447f-adef-64c3a2f61849
                © The Author(s) 2017

                Open AccessThis article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License ( http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver ( http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.

                History
                : 26 July 2016
                : 30 June 2017
                Categories
                Research Article
                Custom metadata
                © The Author(s) 2017

                Medicine
                bereavement,depression,mental health,nurses,religion
                Medicine
                bereavement, depression, mental health, nurses, religion

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