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      Os principais canais de transferência internacional de tecnologia em diferentes paradigmas tecnológicos: implicações para a superação do subdesenvolvimento Translated title: The main channels of international technology transfer in different technological paradigms: implications to overcome underdevelopment

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          Abstract

          Resumo Apesar do reconhecimento que a superação do atraso tecnológico ocorre mediante a construção de aptidões tecnológicas domésticas, a transferência internacional de tecnologia mostrou-se relevante em diferentes momentos históricos e em diferentes nações em processo de emparelhamento. Com a evolução tecnológica em cada paradigma, diversos canais de transferência internacional de tecnologia foram mais ou menos efetivos. A partir de uma análise histórica, busca-se apresentar que os principais canais de transferência foram mudando com o tempo para responder às mudanças tecnológicas. Portanto, um canal protagonista em certo momento histórico passa a ser coadjuvante em outros, pois a tecnologia dominante apresenta características que requerem canais específicos para que seja transferida.

          Translated abstract

          Abstract The main international technology transfer channels in different technological paradigms: implications for overcoming underdevelopment. Despite the recognition that overcoming technological backwardness occurs through the construction of domestic technological capabilities, the international transfer of technology has proved to be a relevant strategy at different moments in history and for different nations during their catching-up processes. With the technological evolution in each paradigm, several international technology transfer channels were relatively effective. Based on a historical analysis, we try to show that the main channels have changed over time to respond to technological changes. Therefore, a protagonist channel in one historical moment happens to play a supporting role in others, given that the dominant technology presents characteristics that require the transfer of specific channels.

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          Most cited references 82

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                Author and article information

                Affiliations
                Rio de Janeiro Distrito Federal orgnameMinistério da Ciência, Tecnologia e Inovação orgdiv1Instituto Nacional de Tecnologia Brazil tulio.chiarini@ 123456int.gov.br
                Campinas São Paulo orgnameUniversidade Estadual de Campinas orgdiv1Instituto de Economia Brazil algsilva@ 123456unicamp.br
                Contributors
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Journal
                ecos
                Economia e Sociedade
                Econ. soc.
                Instituto de Economia da Universidade Estadual de Campinas (Campinas, SP, Brazil )
                0104-0618
                1982-3533
                December 2017
                : 26
                : 3
                : 691-719
                S0104-06182017000300691 10.1590/1982-3533.2017v26n3art6

                This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

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                Figures: 0, Tables: 0, Equations: 0, References: 87, Pages: 29
                Product
                Product Information: SciELO Brazil

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