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      Intravenous Immunoglobulin G in the Treatment of Patients with Chronic Glomerulonephritis: Clinical Experience Lasting 15 Years

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          Abstract

          In our study, we collected data on 116 patients with biopsy-proven idiopathic or lupus glomerulonephritis who were treated with high doses of intravenous immunoglobulin G (IVIG) (Veinoglobuline or Immunovenin-intact). In all patients a severe nephrotic syndrome (edema, proteinuria >6 g/24 h, serum albumin <22 g/24 h) had been observed. 34 patients had renal failure (serum creatinine up to 504 µmol/l) and 96 hypertension. 98 patients were previously for a long time treated with corticosteroids, immunosuppressors and anticoagulants without any effect. 18 patients had no therapy before IVIG. IVIG had been applied in a dose of 85 mg/kg/24 h 3 times every other day. Depending on the clinical improvement afterwards (in case of therapy resistance or relapse) these boli had been repeated in 84 patients after 1 month (and every 3 months for maintenance of remission) to 7 years. Proteinuria disappeared and full remission occurred in 36 patients. Partial remission was present in 48 patients. 32 patients went into end-stage renal failure and/or died (15 of them of a nonrenal cause). In 13/34 patients with impaired renal function serum creatinine levels go back to normal after treatment. Our results suggested that IVIG therapy may be recommended in patients unresponsive to aggressive conventional treatment.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          NEF
          Nephron
          10.1159/issn.1660-8151
          Nephron
          S. Karger AG
          1660-8151
          2235-3186
          2002
          March 2002
          25 February 2002
          : 90
          : 3
          : 262-266
          Affiliations
          aClinic of Internal Medicine and Clinical Pharmacology, bClinic of Rheumatology and cDepartment of Immunology, Medical University, University Hospital ‘St. J Rilski’, Sofia, Bulgaria
          Article
          49061 Nephron 2002;90:262–266
          10.1159/000049061
          11867946
          © 2002 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Tables: 1, References: 13, Pages: 5
          Product
          Self URI (application/pdf): https://www.karger.com/Article/Pdf/49061
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          Original Paper

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