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      Ultrastructural ‘Fingerprint’ in Cryoprecipitates and Glomerular Deposits: A Clinicopathologic Analysis of Fingerprint Deposits

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          Abstract

          Organized glomerular electron-dense deposits with a fingerprint pattern are well known in some patients of lupus nephritis or cryoglobulinemia. In general, these two diseases are always discussed separately as the causes of such deposits. However, 3 of our 5 lupus patients with glomerular fingerprint deposits also had cryoglobulinemia. One of the remaining 2 patients died and the other was lost to follow-up. The purpose of our study was to seek an appropriate clinicopathologic assessment of fingerprint deposits. All these patients showed overt proteinuria, active urinary sediment, a high degree of activity of lupus nephritis, and diffuse proliferative glomerulonephritis (WHO class IV). Their cryoprecipitates and renal biopsy specimens were investigated by means of immunochemistry, immunofluorescence and electron microscopy. The ultrastructural ‘fingerprint’ structures were exactly the same in the cryoprecipitates and in the glomerular deposits in 2 of 3 lupus patients with cryoglobulinemia, as were IgG, IgM and IgA. Therefore, these observations furnish emerging morphologic evidence for the glomerular deposition of immune complexes of circulating cryoglobulins in lupus nephritis. In addition, electron microscopic fingerprint deposits on renal biopsy or cryoprecipitate can be regarded as a very sensible marker of concomitant or subsequent development of diffuse lupus nephritis. If the patient is accompanied by nephritic syndrome, an early trial of immunosuppressive therapy may be warranted.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          NEF
          Nephron
          10.1159/issn.1660-8151
          Nephron
          S. Karger AG
          1660-8151
          2235-3186
          2002
          2002
          13 December 2001
          : 90
          : 1
          : 37-42
          Affiliations
          aDivision of Nephrology, Department of Internal Medicine, bMedical Research, cLaboratory and dPathology, Mackay Memorial Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan
          Article
          46312 Nephron 2002;90:37–42
          10.1159/000046312
          11744803
          © 2002 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Figures: 5, Tables: 2, References: 24, Pages: 6
          Product
          Self URI (application/pdf): https://www.karger.com/Article/Pdf/46312
          Categories
          Original Paper

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