Objective To investigate drinking behaviors in weekdays and weekends among college students in Hebei Province during spring, and to provide references for propaganda of water drinking.
Methods A total of 156 college students in Hebei Province were selected using simple random sampling method. The survey began in March 2017. 7-day 24-hour recording method was applied to record the amount and type of water drinking during for consistent consecutive 7 days, duplicate portion method was used to weigh the food consumed during the consistent consecutive 3 days and to record the water contained in the food.
Results Water intake from food among subjects during weekdays was higher than that among subjects during weekends (1 191 mL vs 1 113 mL, P<0.01). Only 21.9% and 19.9% of subjects consumed sufficient water during weekdays and weekends, according to the recommendation of China on total fluids intake, respectively. The proportion of water intake from staple food among male subjects during weekdays was lower than that during weekends (28.6% vs 31.1%). The proportion of water intake in males from porridge, water intake from soup and vegetables among subjects during weekdays were higher than those among subjects during weekends (6.8% vs 0; 141 mL vs 0 mL; 699 mL vs 647 mL). Water intake from staple food and vegetables among females during weekdays was higher than that during weekends (256 mL vs 210 mL; 559 mL vs 536 mL). There were no statistically differences on plain water, milk and beverages among subjects during weekdays and weekends ( P >0.05).
Conclusion Water intake from food among college students in Hebei Province during weekdays in spring is higher than that during weekends. There is discrepancy on sources of water intake from food during weekdays and weekends, while no similar difference on sources of drinking water. Proportion of college students without sufficient daily water intake during weekdays and weekends is relatively high which warrants further notice.
【摘要】 目的 了解河北大学学生春季饮水量, 并分析其学习日与周末饮水量的差异, 为开展饮水宣教提供依据。 方法 采用简单随机抽样方法抽取河北大学 156 名大学生, 采用连续 7 d 24 h 饮水记录法, 记录其连续 7 d 的饮水量和饮 水类型等。采用双份饭结合称重法, 称量其连续 3 d 食用的所有食物, 并测定食物中水分。 结果 大学生学习日食物水分 摄人量大于周末 (1 191, 1 113 mL) ( Z = 3.17, P =0.00)。大学生学习日和周末总水摄人量达到中国居民总水推荐量的比例 仅为 21.9% 和 19.9%; 饮水量达到中国居民饮水推荐量的比例分别为 17.9% 和 21.2%。大学生学习日主食、粥和蔬菜中水 分均髙于周末 ( Z 值分别为 2.53, 2.70, 3.31, P值均<0.01)。男生学习日主食中水分比例 (28.6%) 低于周末 (31.1%), 学习 日粥中水分比例、汤和蔬菜中水分均髙于周末 (6.8%, 141 mL, 699 mL; 0, 0, 647 mL)。女生学习日主食和蔬菜中水分 (256, 559 mL) 均髙于周末 (210, 536 mL)。大学生学习日与周末白水、奶及奶制品和饮料摄人量差异均无统计学意义 ( P 值均> 0.05)。 结论 河北省某髙校大学生春季学习日食物水分摄人量髙于周末, 且食物水分来源存在差异; 学习日和周末饮水 量不足的现象均为普遍, 有必要开展饮水健康宣教, 促进其形成健康饮水行为。