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      Enfrentamento da morte fetal pela enfermagem na abordagem disposicional e na Teoria Motivacional do Coping Translated title: Coping with fetal death by nursery professionals on the dispositional approach and Motivacional Theory of Coping

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          Abstract

          O enfrentamento (coping) tem sido entendido como uma ação autorregulatória de ajuste ao desequilíbrio provocado pelo estressor, sempre com função adaptativa, ainda que a estratégia de enfrentamento não seja resolutiva. Duas abordagens têm esta definição em comum - a Abordagem Disposicional e a Teoria Motivacional do Coping. Visando a estudar o copingda morte fetal, 36 profissionais de enfermagem de dois hospitais públicos responderam, individualmente, o Inventário COPE com 60 itens e uma Entrevista de Coping Motivacional, com 12 categorias de coping. Esses profissionais lidam com a morte fetal utilizando preferencialmente as seguintes estratégias de enfrentamento: Negociação, Busca de Informação, Autoconfiança e Busca de Suporte (Entrevista), e pela Religiosidade, Reinterpretação positiva e Planejamento (COPE). Discute-se a possibilidade de estudar o coping com base em enfoque multiteórico, a fim de ampliar a compreensão do processo de enfrentamento de condições adversas, como a morte fetal.

          Translated abstract

          Coping has been understood as a self-regulatory action adjustment to the imbalance caused by the stressor, always with adaptive function, even if the coping strategy is not solving. Two approaches have this definition in common - Dispositional Approach and the Motivational Theory of Coping. In order to assess the coping of the fetal death, 36 nursing professionals from two public hospitals answered individually COPE Inventory, with 60 items and the "Motivational Coping" Guide Interview, with 12 categories of coping. These professionals coping with fetal death through adaptive ways of coping, such as Negotiation, Information Seeking, Self-reliance and Support Seeking (Interview), and by the Religiosity, Positive Reinterpretation and Planning (COPE). It is necessary discuss the possibility of studying the coping based on various approaches to broaden the understanding of the coping process in adverse conditions such as fetal death.

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          Most cited references 44

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          Stress, appraisal and coping

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            Análise de Conteúdo

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              Personality and coping.

              Personality psychology addresses views of human nature and individual differences. Biological and goal-based views of human nature provide an especially useful basis for construing coping; the five-factor model of traits adds a useful set of individual differences. Coping-responses to adversity and to the distress that results-is categorized in many ways. Meta-analyses link optimism, extraversion, conscientiousness, and openness to more engagement coping; neuroticism to more disengagement coping; and optimism, conscientiousness, and agreeableness to less disengagement coping. Relations of traits to specific coping responses reveal a more nuanced picture. Several moderators of these associations also emerge: age, stressor severity, and temporal proximity between the coping activity and the coping report. Personality and coping play both independent and interactive roles in influencing physical and mental health. Recommendations are presented for ways future research can expand on the growing understanding of how personality and coping shape adjustment to stress.
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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Journal
                epc
                Estudos de Psicologia (Campinas)
                Estud. psicol. (Campinas)
                PUC-Campinas (Campinas )
                0103-166X
                June 2015
                : 32
                : 2
                : 307-317
                S0103-166X2015000200307
                10.1590/0103-166X2015000200014

                http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

                Product
                Product Information: SciELO Brazil

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