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      Towards quantifying microbial dispersal in the environment

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          Microbial biogeography: putting microorganisms on the map.

          We review the biogeography of microorganisms in light of the biogeography of macroorganisms. A large body of research supports the idea that free-living microbial taxa exhibit biogeographic patterns. Current evidence confirms that, as proposed by the Baas-Becking hypothesis, 'the environment selects' and is, in part, responsible for spatial variation in microbial diversity. However, recent studies also dispute the idea that 'everything is everywhere'. We also consider how the processes that generate and maintain biogeographic patterns in macroorganisms could operate in the microbial world.
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            Patterns and processes of microbial community assembly.

            Recent research has expanded our understanding of microbial community assembly. However, the field of community ecology is inaccessible to many microbial ecologists because of inconsistent and often confusing terminology as well as unnecessarily polarizing debates. Thus, we review recent literature on microbial community assembly, using the framework of Vellend (Q. Rev. Biol. 85:183-206, 2010) in an effort to synthesize and unify these contributions. We begin by discussing patterns in microbial biogeography and then describe four basic processes (diversification, dispersal, selection, and drift) that contribute to community assembly. We also discuss different combinations of these processes and where and when they may be most important for shaping microbial communities. The spatial and temporal scales of microbial community assembly are also discussed in relation to assembly processes. Throughout this review paper, we highlight differences between microbes and macroorganisms and generate hypotheses describing how these differences may be important for community assembly. We end by discussing the implications of microbial assembly processes for ecosystem function and biodiversity.
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              Spatial patterns of seed dispersal, their determinants and consequences for recruitment.

              Growing interest in spatial ecology is promoting new approaches to the study of seed dispersal, one of the key processes determining the spatial structure of plant populations. Seed-dispersion patterns vary among plant species, populations and individuals, at different distances from parents, different microsites and different times. Recent field studies have made progress in elucidating the mechanisms behind these patterns and the implications of these patterns for recruitment success. Together with the development and refinement of mathematical models, this promises a deeper, more mechanistic understanding of dispersal processes and their consequences.
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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                kbarbou1@uci.edu
                Journal
                Environ Microbiol
                Environ Microbiol
                10.1111/(ISSN)1462-2920
                EMI
                Environmental Microbiology
                John Wiley & Sons, Inc. (Hoboken, USA )
                1462-2912
                1462-2920
                04 November 2022
                January 2023
                : 25
                : 1 ( doiID: 10.1111/emi.v25.1 )
                : 137-142
                Affiliations
                [ 1 ] Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology University of California‐Irvine Irvine California USA
                [ 2 ] Department of Biology Reed College Portland Oregon USA
                Author notes
                [*] [* ] Correspondence

                Kristin Barbour, Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of California, 321 Steinhaus Hall, Irvine, CA 92627, USA.

                Email: kbarbou1@ 123456uci.edu

                Author information
                https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2375-6359
                Article
                EMI16270
                10.1111/1462-2920.16270
                10100412
                36308707
                9959a7ab-c077-4661-9ae0-48d241bbad6e
                © 2022 The Authors. Environmental Microbiology published by Applied Microbiology International and John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

                This is an open access article under the terms of the http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

                History
                : 26 October 2022
                : 28 October 2022
                Page count
                Figures: 2, Tables: 0, Pages: 6, Words: 4682
                Funding
                Funded by: Department of Education Graduate Assistance in Areas of National Need (GAANN) Fellowship
                Award ID: #P200A210001
                Funded by: Department of Energy, Office of Science, Office of Biological and Environmental Research , doi 10.13039/100000015;
                Award ID: DE‐SC0020382
                Funded by: National Science Foundation , doi 10.13039/100000001;
                Award ID: DEB‐2113004
                Funded by: Ridge to Reef NSF Research Traineeship
                Award ID: DGE‐1735040
                Categories
                Crystal Ball
                Crystal Balls
                Custom metadata
                2.0
                January 2023
                Converter:WILEY_ML3GV2_TO_JATSPMC version:6.2.7 mode:remove_FC converted:13.04.2023

                Microbiology & Virology
                Microbiology & Virology

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