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      Correlation of rpsU Gene Sequence Clusters and Biochemical Properties, Gc–Ms Spectra and Resistance Profiles of Clinical Burkholderia Spp. Isolates

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          This study assessed the variation of phenotypic features of clinical isolates of Burkholderia spp. from common rpsU gene sequence clusters.

          A total of 41 clinical Burkholderia spp. isolates from German mucoviscidosis patients was subjected to rpsU gene sequencing. Biochemical assessment included the API systems 20 NE and 50 CHE as well as the Micronaut NF system. Fatty acid patterns were assessed using gas chromatography–mass spectrometry (GC–MS). Broth microdilution was used to identify minimum inhibitory concentrations.

          Five rpsU gene sequence clusters comprised more than one clinical isolate. Altogether, assignments to three species and seven clusters comprising more than one Burkholderia species were performed. Inhomogeneity of biochemical reactions within the clusters ranged from 0/28 to 45/50 reactions. The standard deviation for fatty acid distributions ranged from 0% to 11.5%. Minimum inhibitory concentrations within the clusters showed a wide variation but only minor differences between the clusters.

          Broad variations within identified rpsU gene sequence clusters regarding biochemical reactions, fatty acid patterns, and resistance patterns of clinical Burkholderia spp. isolates make the application of rpsU gene sequence analysis as a stand-alone procedure for discriminations within the Burkholderia cepacia complex unreliable.

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          Most cited references 17

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          Burkholderia pseudomallei Misidentified by Automated System

          After returning from Thailand, a 35-year-old man from Switzerland was hospitalized with an abscess of the head. Material cultured from the abscess and adjacent bone grew a gram-negative rod, which was misidentified by an automated microbiology system as Burkholderia cepacia. The organism was eventually identified by molecular methods as B. pseudomallei.
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            Identification of species of the Burkholderia cepacia complex by sequence analysis of the hisA gene.

            Bacteria of the Burkholderia cepacia complex (Bcc) are opportunistic human pathogens that can cause serious infections in the lungs of cystic fibrosis patients. The Bcc is a complex taxonomic group and comprises 17 closely related species of both biotechnological and clinical importance that have been discriminated by a polyphasic taxonomic approach. In this study we focused on the hisA gene, which encodes a 1-(5-phosphoribosyl)-5-[(5-phosphoribosylamino) methylideneamino] imidazole-4-carboxamide isomerase involved in histidine biosynthesis, as a new target gene to discriminate among the Bcc species. PCR primers were designed to amplify a hisA DNA fragment of 442 bp from 78 strains representative of all the 17 Bcc species known at the time of writing. The nucleotide sequences of the amplicons were determined and aligned with the 54 Bcc sequences available in databases. Then a phylogenetic tree was constructed on the basis of this alignment and this revealed that this hisA region allows discrimination of all Bcc species, suggesting that this gene fragment can be used for the identification of Bcc strains. In addition, an 11 nucleotide letter code for the rapid discrimination of Bcc species was identified.
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              Burkholderia mallei and Burkholderia pseudomallei: the causative micro-organisms of glanders and melioidosis.

               J Gilad (2007)
              Burkholderia mallei and Burkholderia pseudomallei are the causative micro-organisms of Glanders and Melioidosis, respectively. Although now rare in Western countries, both micro-organisms have recently gained much interest because of their unique potential as bioterrorism agents. This paper reviews the epidemiology, pathogenesis, diagnosis and treatment of Melioidosis and Glanders. Recent patents relating to these micro-organisms, especially potential vaccines, are presented. Continued research and development is urgently needed, especially in regard to rapid and accurate diagnosis of melioidosis and glanders, efficacious therapy and primary and secondary prevention.

                Author and article information

                Eur J Microbiol Immunol (Bp)
                Eur J Microbiol Immunol (Bp)
                European Journal of Microbiology & Immunology
                Akadémiai Kiadó (Budapest )
                26 February 2016
                March 2016
                : 6
                : 1
                : 25-39
                [1 ] Department of Dermatology and Venereology, German Armed Forces Hospital of Hamburg , Germany
                [2 ]Friedrich Loeffler Institute for Animal Health , Jena, Germany
                [3 ] Department of Tropical Medicine at the Bernhard Nocht Institute, German Armed Forces Hospital of Hamburg , Germany
                [4 ]Institute for Medical Microbiology, Virology and Hygiene, University Medicine Rostock , Germany
                [5 ] Deployment Health Surveillance Capability, NATO Center of Excellence for Military Medicine , Munich, Germany
                Author notes
                * Department of Tropical Medicine at the Bernhard Nocht Institute, German Armed Forces Hospital of Hamburg, Bernhard Nocht Street 74, D-20359 Hamburg, Germany. 004940/694728743; 004940/694728709; Frickmann@ 123456bni-hamburg.de

                ** Hagen Frickmann and Ralf Matthias Hagen contributed equally to this work.

                Conflicts of interest

                The authors declare that there are no conflicts of interest.

                © The Author(s)

                This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License ( http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

                Page count
                Figures: 0, Tables: 6, Equations: 0, References: 19, Pages: 46
                Original Article


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