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      Implementing Nursing Standards in Care Maps for Breast Cancer Patients

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          Nursing care that adheres to nursing standards is more comprehensive, detailed, and patient-centered. Care maps are an important multidisciplinary tool for managing and improving the quality of nursing care provided to patients. Aim: We verified the usability of nursing standards in care maps while treating patients with breast cancer, and we compared the activities of nurses while providing nursing care in selected workplaces. Methods: The research group included 205 patients from surgical and the obstetrics - gynecology (OB/GYN) clinics and 24 nurses working at these clinics. To carry out the research, we applied a modified care map in the experimental subgroups to record nursing activities, and in the control subgroups the nurses used the standard nursing documentation of the selected workplace. Within the investigated quantitative variables, we presented their numerical characteristics, used a linear descriptive statistic (n) and relative position – the arithmetic mean (). Using multivariate fuzzy C-means cluster analysis, we compared the specific procedures performed within individual subgroups of patients. We used an interview to find out the views of nurses on the implementation of care maps in the nursing practice of patients with breast cancer. Results: In the experimental groups, nursing activities were recorded in a modified care map where we observed their higher number and differences in the documentation of nursing activities in comparison with the control groups. The opinions of nurses on the implementation of care maps in the treatment of patients with breast cancer in selected workplaces were mostly positive. Conclusion: Based on the research results, there is a need to deepen the theoretical knowledge of nurses about managed nursing care and care maps and to use nursing standards as tools to ensure that quality nursing care is provided.

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          Clinical Social Work and Health Intervention
          Journal of Clinical Social Work and Health Intervention
          June 9 2022
          June 7 2022
          June 9 2022
          June 7 2022
          : 13
          : 3
          : 73-80
          © 2022


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