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      Ontological addiction theory: Attachment to me, mine, and I

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          Abstract

          Background

          Ontological addiction theory (OAT) is a novel metaphysical model of psychopathology and posits that human beings are prone to forming implausible beliefs concerning the way they think they exist, and that these beliefs can become addictive leading to functional impairments and mental illness. The theoretical underpinnings of OAT derive from the Buddhist philosophical perspective that all phenomena, including the self, do not manifest inherently or independently.

          Aims and methods

          This paper outlines the theoretical foundations of OAT along with indicative supportive empirical evidence from studies evaluating meditation awareness training as well as studies investigating non-attachment, emptiness, compassion, and loving-kindness.

          Results

          OAT provides a novel perspective on addiction, the factors that underlie mental illness, and how beliefs concerning selfhood are shaped and reified.

          Conclusion

          In addition to continuing to test the underlying assumptions of OAT, future empirical research needs to determine how ontological addiction fits with extant theories of self, reality, and suffering, as well with more established models of addiction.

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          Most cited references 33

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          A ‘components’ model of addiction within a biopsychosocial framework

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            A “components” model of addiction within a biopsychosocial framework.

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              The rise and fall of the biopsychosocial model.

              The biopsychosocial model is the conceptual status quo of contemporary psychiatry. Although it has played an important role in combatting psychiatric dogmatism, it has devolved into mere eclecticism. Other non-reductionistic approaches to medicine and psychiatry such as William Osler's medical humanism or Karl Jaspers' method-based psychiatry should be reconsidered.
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                Author and article information

                Journal
                jba
                JBA
                Journal of Behavioral Addictions
                J Behav Addict
                Akadémiai Kiadó (Budapest )
                2062-5871
                2063-5303
                07 June 2018
                December 2018
                : 7
                : 4
                : 892-896
                Affiliations
                [ 1 ]Centre for Psychological Research, University of Derby , Derby, UK
                [ 2 ] Awake to Wisdom Centre for Meditation and Mindfulness Research , Ragusa, Italy
                [ 3 ] Miguel Servet University Hospital, University of Zaragoza , Zaragoza, Spain
                [ 4 ]Department of Psychology, Nottingham Trent University , Nottinghamshire, UK
                Author notes
                [* ]Corresponding author: William Van Gordon; Centre for Psychological Research, University of Derby, Kedleston Road, Derby, Derbyshire DE22 1GB, UK; Phone: +44 1332 597826; E-mail: w.vangordon@ 123456derby.ac.uk
                Article
                10.1556/2006.7.2018.45
                6376379
                29877725
                © 2018 The Author(s)

                This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium for non-commercial purposes, provided the original author and source are credited, a link to the CC License is provided, and changes – if any – are indicated.

                Page count
                Figures: 0, Tables: 0, Equations: 0, References: 35, Pages: 5
                Funding
                Funding sources: No financial support was received for this study.
                Categories
                DEBATE

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