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      Interpersonal problems and negative affect in Borderline Personality and Depressive Disorders in daily life

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          Abstract

          Theories of Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) suggest that interpersonal problems in BPD act as triggers for negative affect and, at the same time, are a possible result of affective dysregulation. Therefore, we assessed the relations between momentary negative affect (hostility, sadness, fear) and interpersonal problems (rejection, disagreement) in a sample of 80 BPD and 51 depressed outpatients at 6 time-points over 28 days. Data were analyzed using multivariate multi-level modeling to separate momentary-, day-, and person-level effects. Results revealed a mutually reinforcing relationship between disagreement and hostility, rejection and hostility, and between rejection and sadness in both groups, at the momentary and day level. The mutual reinforcement between hostility and rejection/disagreement was significantly stronger in the BPD group. Moreover, the link between rejection and sadness was present at all three levels of analysis for the BPD group, while it was localized to the momentary level in the depressed group.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          101601751
          41001
          Clin Psychol Sci
          Clin Psychol Sci
          Clinical psychological science : a journal of the Association for Psychological Science
          2167-7026
          2167-7034
          16 October 2016
          13 February 2017
          May 2017
          01 May 2018
          : 5
          : 3
          : 470-484
          Affiliations
          [a ] Department of Psychosomatic Medicine, Central Institute of Mental Health, Medical Faculty Mannheim/Heidelberg University; address: C4, 11, 68159 Mannheim, Germany
          [b ] Department of Psychological Sciences, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN, USA
          [c ] Department of Psychological Sciences, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO, USA
          [d ] Research Institute on Addiction, University at Buffalo, State University of New York, Buffalo, NY, USA
          Article
          PMC5436804 PMC5436804 5436804 nihpa823200
          10.1177/2167702616677312
          5436804
          28529826
          Categories
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