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      Commonalities and differences in myopia prevention and control beliefs among primary school teachers and students in Hangzhou

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          Abstract

          Objective To explore the commonalities and differences between primary school students and teachers in beliefs of myopia prevention and control, in order to provide a theoretical basis for the education programs of myopia prevention and control.

          Methods Convenient sampling method was used to select 14 students and 16 teachers from grades 3 and 4 in two elementary schools in Hangzhou for one to one in-depth interviews, and the results were coded and analyzed by using Nvivo 11.0 software.

          Results There were commonalities in the perceived severity, benefits and barriers of myopia prevention and control beliefs among students and teachers, and the common keywords had been mentioned for 114 times, the commonalities of perceived severity, benefits and barriers were more obvious among them; there were differences in the specific attributions of perceived susceptibility, severity and barriers among students and teachers, the difference keywords had been mentioned for 63 times, the differences of perceived susceptibility, severity and barriers were more obvious among them.

          Conclusion There were commonalities in the perceived susceptibility, severity, benefits and barriers of myopia prevention and control beliefs between students and teachers; there were differences in the aspects of perceived susceptibility, severity and barriers between students and teachers. Adverse health outcomes of myopia and associated prevention knowledge should be enhanced among students. schools should carry out health education activities to improve the ability of teachers and students to prevent and control myopia; the government should implement the “double reduction” policy and improve the safety insurance system for outdoor activities.

          Abstract

          【摘要】 目的探讨小学生及教师在关于学生近视防控信念方面的共性与差异, 为近视防控教育方案的制定提供理论依 据。 方法采用方便抽样法, 选取杭州市2所小学三至四年级的14名学生及16名教师进行一对一深入访谈, 并运用Nvivo 11.0软件对访谈结果进行编码分析。 结果师生在近视防控信念的自觉罹患性、自觉严重性、自觉有效性和自觉障碍 性方面存在共性, 共性关键词共被提及114次, 其中自觉严重性、自觉有效性和自觉障碍性的共性较明显;师生在自觉罹患 性、自觉严重性与自觉障碍性方面上存在差异, 差异关键词共被提及63次, 其中自觉罹患性和自觉障碍性的差异较明显。 结论师生在近视防控信念的自觉罹患性、自觉严重性、自觉有效性和自觉障碍性方面存在共性;在自觉罹患性、自觉严重 性与自觉障碍性方面上存在差异。学生应提升近视防控自觉严重性认知, 强化近视防控信念;学校应开展近视防控健康教 育活动, 提升师生近视防控能力;政府应落实“双减”政策, 完善户外活动安全保险制度。

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          CJSH
          Chinese Journal of School Health
          Chinese Journal of School Health (China )
          1000-9817
          01 February 2022
          01 April 2022
          : 43
          : 2
          : 198-202
          Affiliations
          [1] 1Hengyi School of Education Hangzhou Normal University, Hangzhou (311121), China
          Author notes
          *Corresponding author: LIU Shumei, E-mail: liushumei@ 123456hznu.edu.cn
          Article
          j.cnki.1000-9817.2022.02.009
          10.16835/j.cnki.1000-9817.2022.02.009
          99caf51d-4078-40f1-a96a-cc2a4a7ecd10
          © 2022 Chinese Journal of School Health

          This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 Unported License (CC BY-NC 4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. See https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/.

          Product
          Self URI (journal-page): http://www.cjsh.org.cn
          Categories
          Journal Article

          Ophthalmology & Optometry,Pediatrics,Nutrition & Dietetics,Clinical Psychology & Psychiatry,Public health
          Health education,Students,Universal precautions,Myopia

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