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      Right by your side? – the relational scope of health and wellbeing as congruence, complement and coincidence

      International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being
      Taylor & Francis
      Health, well-being, concept relation, hermeneutics, normativity, Sweden

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          Purpose: Although the relation between health and well-being is deemed conceptually important, it is diverse and intractable. The aim of this small-scale study is to reveal different possible relations of the concepts of health and well-being, interrelation of these relations and consequences of implied normative expectations in the relations.

          Method: Primary data originate from course literature in Swedish health education. Additional data included scientific articles and website content (collected from WHO and via Google) and were analysed with objective hermeneutics.

          Results: Congruent, complementary and coincident relations were found. In congruence, health and well-being are synonyms. Complement relations contain: “quality” with well-being as overall aim, “plurality” with health as umbrella term, “well-being as positive health”, “enhancement” with health and well-being potentially boosting each other and “subjectivity/objectivity” with objective health complemented by subjective well-being. In coincidence, health and well-being are counter-intuitively regarded unlinked, which may challenge expectations concerning health promotive activities. Independent and affiliated relations were identified.

          Conclusion: In congruence and complement, health and well-being are mostly aligned whereas in coincidence, their quality may be decoupled. In the discursive climate of second modernity, the relation of health and well-being tends to conflict and ambiguous coincidence, demanding ambiguity tolerance as key skill.

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          Scoping studies: towards a methodological framework

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            On happiness and human potentials: a review of research on hedonic and eudaimonic well-being.

            R Ryan, E Deci (2000)
            Well-being is a complex construct that concerns optimal experience and functioning. Current research on well-being has been derived from two general perspectives: the hedonic approach, which focuses on happiness and defines well-being in terms of pleasure attainment and pain avoidance; and the eudaimonic approach, which focuses on meaning and self-realization and defines well-being in terms of the degree to which a person is fully functioning. These two views have given rise to different research foci and a body of knowledge that is in some areas divergent and in others complementary. New methodological developments concerning multilevel modeling and construct comparisons are also allowing researchers to formulate new questions for the field. This review considers research from both perspectives concerning the nature of well-being, its antecedents, and its stability across time and culture.
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              Social Learning Theory and the Health Belief Model

              The Health Belief Model, social learning theory (recently relabelled social cognitive theory), self-efficacy, and locus of control have all been applied with varying success to problems of explaining, predicting, and influencing behavior. Yet, there is conceptual confusion among researchers and practitioners about the interrelationships of these theories and variables. This article attempts to show how these explanatory factors may be related, and in so doing, posits a revised explanatory model which incorporates self-efficacy into the Health Belief Model. Specifically, self-efficacy is proposed as a separate independent variable along with the traditional health belief variables of perceived susceptibility, severity, benefits, and barriers. Incentive to behave (health motivation) is also a component of the model. Locus of control is not included explicitly because it is believed to be incorporated within other elements of the model. It is predicted that the new formulation will more fully account for health-related behavior than did earlier formulations, and will suggest more effective behavioral interventions than have hitherto been available to health educators.

                Author and article information

                Int J Qual Stud Health Well-being
                Int J Qual Stud Health Well-being
                International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being
                Taylor & Francis
                7 June 2021
                : 16
                : 1
                [0001]School of Health & Welfare, Halmstad University; , Halmstad, Sweden
                [0002]Department of Education, University of Stockholm; , Stockholm, Sweden
                Author notes
                CONTACT Pelle Pelters pelle.pelters@ 123456edu.su.se Department of education, Stockholm University, 106 91 Stockholm, Sweden
                © 2021 The Author(s). Published by Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.

                This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License ( http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

                Page count
                Figures: 1, Tables: 2, References: 117, Pages: 1
                Research Article
                Empirical Studies

                Health & Social care
                health,well-being,concept relation,hermeneutics,normativity,sweden
                Health & Social care
                health, well-being, concept relation, hermeneutics, normativity, sweden


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