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      Endotoxemia in Patients on Hemodialysis

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          Abstract

          We examined endotoxins and limulus amebocyte lysate-reactive material (LAL-RM) in serum from 87 patients on hemodialysis, using the conventional chromogenic limulus test (CCLT) and a new specific endotoxin assay with factor G-free LAL (endotoxin-specific test: EST). All patients with regenerated cellulose dialyzers had increased CCLT values, whereas the EST values were not higher than in controls. This discrepancy can be explained by the LAL-RM which is cellulose-derived and cross-reacts with LAL via factor G. Using EST for measurements of endotoxin, 6 patients out of 87 had pathological endotoxemia and all of these patients were associated with either cirrhosis, infection, or malignancy. Some patients who had no comlications showed fever before or during dialysis, but they did not have high endotoxin levels. EST is useful for the diagnosis of endotoxemia in patients on hemodialysis because of the presence of LAL-RM in serum. Endotoxemia is rare in patients on hemodialysis, if they are not associated with infection, cirrhosis, or other complications.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          NEF
          Nephron
          10.1159/issn.1660-8151
          Nephron
          S. Karger AG
          1660-8151
          2235-3186
          1990
          1990
          10 December 2008
          : 56
          : 1
          : 44-49
          Affiliations
          aFirst Department of Internal Medicine, Osaka Teishin Hospital, Japan; bDepartment of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine, Kyoto University School of Medicine, Japan
          Article
          186099 Nephron 1990;56:44–49
          10.1159/000186099
          2234248
          © 1990 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 6
          Categories
          Original Paper

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