06 November 2017
To evaluate the compatibility and correlation between noninvasive surface respiratory electromyography and invasive transesophageal diaphragmatic electromyography measurements as facilitating indicators of neural respiratory drive (NRD) evaluation during treadmill exercise.
Transesophageal diaphragmatic electromyogram activity (EMGdi,es) and surface inspiratory electromyogram (EMG) activity, including surface diaphragmatic EMG activity (EMGdi,sur), surface parasternal intercostal muscle EMG activity (EMGpara), and surface sternocleidomastoid EMG activity (EMGsc), were detected simultaneously during increasing exercise capacity in 20 stable patients with COPD. EMGdi,es, EMGdi,sur, EMGpara, and EMGsc were quantified using the root mean square (RMS) and were represented as RMSdi,es, RMSdi,sur, RMSpara, and RMSsc, respectively.
There was a significant association between EMGdi,es and EMGdi,sur ( r=0.966, p<0.01), EMGpara ( r=0.967, p<0.01), and EMGsc ( r=0.956, p<0.01) in the COPD patients during exercise. Bland-Altman plots showed that the lowest mean bias value was between EMGdi,es and EMGpara compared with the bias values between EMGdi,es and the other two EMG parameters. In comparing the estimation of EMGdi,es, we observed the lowest bias values (−1%) and the lowest limits of agreement values (−10% to −12%). Intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) between EMGdi,es and EMGdi,sur was 0.978 ( p<0.01), between EMGdi,es and EMGpara was 0.980 ( p<0.01), and between EMGdi,es and EMGsc was 0.868 ( p<0.01).