A multidrug-resistant Ehrlich ascites tumor cell line (EHR2/DNR+) was used to examine the membrane transport kinetics of lipophilic anthracycline derivatives in the presence of serum albumin. We present a model for theoretical data analysis with consideration of drug-albumin complex formation. For a set of five derivatives (doxorubicin, daunorubicin, 4-demethoxydaunorubicin, 4'-deoxy-4'-iododoxorubicin, and 13-dihydro-4'-deoxy-4'-iododoxorubicin), data were given on the rates of diffusional drug uptake, and membrane permeability coefficients of the noncharged molecules were estimated. Both the initial rates and the steady-state levels of drug uptake were found to decrease by addition of BSA at concentrations ranging from 5 to 75 mg/mL. For each drug, this effect of serum albumin could be accounted for by the altered distribution between free and protein-bound drug molecules in the bulk aqueous medium. A good fit of theoretical accumulation curves to the experimental data was obtained. It was concluded that a mathematical simulation method makes it possible to predict the uptake characteristics of lipophilic anthracycline compounds into tumor cells under serum conditions.