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      Serum Leptin Concentrations in Patients on Hemodialysis

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          Serum leptin concentrations in normal humans have been reported to correlate with the body mass index (BMI) as well as with the body fat mass. In this study, we measured serum leptin concentrations in 107 patients on hemodialysis, 30 of whom had diabetes mellitus as the cause, and examined the clinical significance. Furthermore, we evaluated the effects of high-flux dialysis membranes on serum leptin levels. Serum leptin concentrations had a linear correlation with BMI as well as with the percentage of body fat in patients on hemodialysis. The serum leptin concentrations showed a positive correlation with the serum concentrations of total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and triglyceride, the body weight, the BMI, and the percentage of body fat. The serum leptin levels were not different between the diabetic and the nondiabetic groups. The serum leptin levels in the nondiabetic group were nearly fourfold higher in women than in men. We investigated the differences in the rate of reduction in serum leptin after dialysis with polysulfone membrane dialyzers (PS-N and PS-UW) in comparison with a cellulose membrane dialyzer (AM-SD), and as a result, we found that the polysulfone membrane dialyzers removed serum leptin, while the cellulose membrane dialyzer did not. We conclude that in patients on hemodialysis, the serum leptin concentration is a valuable clinical marker of the body fat content and may also contribute to the evaluation of hyperlipidemia.

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          Design and synthesis of multi-haem proteins.

          A water-soluble, 62-residue, di-alpha-helical peptide has been synthesized which accommodates two bis-histidyl haem groups. The peptide assembles into a four-helix dimer with 2-fold symmetry and four parallel haems that closely resemble native haems in their spectral and electrochemical properties, including haem-haem redox interaction. This protein is an essential intermediate in the synthesis of molecular 'maquettes', a novel class of simplified versions of the metalloproteins involved in redox catalysis and in energy conversion in respiratory and photosynthetic electron transfer.
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            Increased Plasma Leptin Concentration in End-Stage Renal Disease

             E Merabet (1997)

              Author and article information

              S. Karger AG
              September 1998
              04 September 1998
              : 80
              : 1
              : 35-40
              Department of Medicine III, Okayama University Medical School, Okayama, Japan
              45122 Nephron 1998;80:35–40
              © 1998 S. Karger AG, Basel

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              Figures: 4, Tables: 4, References: 20, Pages: 6
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